The Relationship of Academic Motivation and Psychological Well-being in Primary School Age

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Abstract

The article presents data on the psychological well-being of primary school-age children with different types of academic motivation. The study involved 87 students of the 3rd-4th grades of Moscow secondary schools (41 boys and 46 girls). The questionnaires "Academic self-regulation" SRQ-A (modification and approbation on the Russian-language sample of T.O.Gordeeva, O.A.Sychev, M.F.Lynch), "Scale of psychological well-being of children aged 8-12 years" PWB-c (adaptation by D.V.Lubovsky, N.S.Milova), the projective technique "Unfinished sentences", allowing to identify indicators of motivation and psychological well-being (positive and negative aspects of children's lives). Positive connections of psychological well–being and components of its structure with intrinsic educational motivation, negative connections - with extrinsic academic motivation are established. It is shown that primary schoolchildren with a high level of psychological well–being are characterized by cognitive motivation, self-development motivation, awareness of the importance of educational activities for themselves, but at the same time - orientation to high academic performance. With a low level of psychological well-being in children, there is a pronounced extrinsic motivation, reflecting primarily the requirements of the teacher, a subjective perception of learning difficulties, a negative attitude to learning, preschool-type motivation with its hedonistic orientation.

General Information

Keywords: intrinsic academic motivation, extrinsic academic motivation, components of psychological well-being, positive aspects of life, negative aspects of life, primary schoolchildren

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2022140403

Received: 04.09.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Kulagina I.Y., Kravtsova M.A. The Relationship of Academic Motivation and Psychological Well-being in Primary School Age [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2022. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 36–51. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2022140403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

1. Andreeva A.D., Moskvitina O.A. Psikhologicheskoe blagopoluchie uchashchikhsya 1-5 klassov v kontekste sovremennoi sotsial'noi situatsii razvitiya [Psychological well-being of students in grades 1-5 in the context of the modern social situation of developmen]. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Educational Studies], 2019, no. 3, pp. 203–223. DOI:10.17323/1814-9545-2019-3-203-223 (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Irina Y. Kulagina, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3095-4329, e-mail: kulaginaiu@mgppu.ru

Mar`ya A. Kravtsova, master's degree, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1193-1655, e-mail: sinicina888@yandex.ru

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