Personality characteristics of children in an orphanage as criteria for the developing of proactive attitude and successful social integration

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Abstract

The article presents the results of a personality characteristics study of orphans and children left without parental care growing up in an orphanage. It is assumed that examined personality characteristics have an effect on the socialization and integration processes after graduating from the orphanage. The paper gives a comparative analysis of personality characteristics in 18 boys and 14 girls aged from 12 to 17 years in orphanages, as well as finds out the personality characteristics undermining the developing of child’s proactive attitude. The study used a children's version of "Individual typological questionnaire" by L.N. Sobchik and Cattell 14 PF method of multivariate personality study. Statistical significance of the results is due to Mann–Whitney U test and Student t-test for nonrandom access. Cattell 14PF study shows that boys and girls in the test groups have personality differences (p≤0.05). A pattern of the results may indicate a general trend of personal characteristics negatively affecting the success of adaptation after graduating from the orphanage.

General Information

Keywords: personality characteristics, orphanage, graduates, children, social adaptation.

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2016060208

For citation: Larin A.N. Personality characteristics of children in an orphanage as criteria for the developing of proactive attitude and successful social integration [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2016. Vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 107–119. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2016060208. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

A. N. Larin, Post-graduate Student, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: aaalll999@rambler.ru

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