Internet and Loneliness of Adolescents

573

Abstract

The work presents the materials of an empirical study aimed at identifying the link between adolescents' subjective experience of loneliness and their internet usage. 80 adolescents aged 11-15 (50% girls, 50% boys) took part in the study. The measurements have been carried out with the following: technique for diagnosing the level of subjective perception of loneliness; online involvement questionnaire; technique for screening diagnosis of cyber addiction. The obtained results suggest that the phenomenon of one's subjective loneliness is perceived in one's adolescence. Every modern-day adolescent is at a risk of cyber addiction. Adolescents' destructive online socializing dominates their constructive one, the latter is also present in their internet usage. All the research techniques indicated certain gender differences. No direct link between one's loneliness and one's internet usage has been found, however, the adolescent group with high level of perceived loneliness showed a high percentage of those who use destructive forms of online socializing.

General Information

Keywords: loneliness of adolescents, subjective experience of loneliness, cyber addiction, cybersocialization, destructive online socializing, constructive cybersocialization

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2021110401

Received: 13.10.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Khararbakhova M.A., Musatova O.A., Shpagina E.M. Internet and Loneliness of Adolescents [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 2–13. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2021110401. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Aysina R.M., Nesterova A.A. Kibersocializacija molodezhi v informacionno-kommunikacionnom prostranstve sovremennogo mira: jeffekty i riski [Cyber socialization of youth in the information and communication space of the modern world: effects and risks].                                           Sotsial’naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2019, Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 42—57. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  2. Voiskunskii A.E., Soldatova G.U. Jepidemija odinochestva v cifrovom obshhestve: hikikomori kak kul'turno-psihologicheskij fenomen [Epidemic of Loneliness in a Digital Society: Hikikomori as a Cultural and Psychological Phenomenon]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2019, Vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 22—43. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  3. Ermolaeva A.V. Faktory suicidal'nogo riska v zaprosah abonentov telefona doverija [Suicidal Risk Factors in Inquiries Helpline Subscribers]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya [Bulletin of Practical Psychology of Education], 2021, Vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 106—114.                                      (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Kochetkov N.V. Kochetkov N.V. Internet-zavisimost' i zavisimost' ot komp'juternyh igr v trudah otechestvennyh psihologov [Internet addiction and addiction to computer games in the work of Russian psychologists]. Sotsial’naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2020, Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 27—54. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Len'kov S.L., Rubtsova N.E., Efremova G.I. Oprosnik vovlechennosti v kibersotsializatsiyu. [Survey of the cybersocialization involvement]. Yaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik [Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin], 2019, no. 6(111), pp. 109—119. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  6. Praktikum po psikhologii sostoyanii: Uchebnoe posobie [Workshop on the psychology of states: Study guide]. In A.O. Prokhorov (ed.), Saint-Petersburg: Rech Publ., 2004. Р.134.
  7. Rogov E.I., Rogova E.E. Internet-zavisimost' kak stremlenie k odinochestvu [Internet addiction as a desire for loneliness]. Materialy konferentsii ‘Psikhologiya obrazovaniya v XXI veke: teoriya i praktika’ (g. Volgograd, 14-16 September 2011 g.) [Conference materials. Psychology of education in the XXI century: theory and practice.]. Volgograd: Peremena, 2011, pp. 309—311.
  8. Slobodchikov I.M. Perezhivanie odinochestva v ramkakh formirovaniya ‘Ya-kontseptsii’ podrostkovogo vozrasta [Experiencing loneliness as part of the formation of the ‘I-concept’ of adolescence]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2005, Vol. 10. no. 1, pp. 28—32. (In Russ.).
  9. Slobodchikov I.M. Sovremennye issledovaniya perezhivaniya odinochestva [Modern research on the experience of loneliness]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2007, Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 27—35. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  10. Yur’eva L.N., Bol’bot T.Yu. Komp’yuternaya zavisimost’: formirovanie, diagnostika, korrektsiya i profilaktika [Computer addiction: formation, diagnosis, correction and prevention]. Dnepropetrovsk: Porogi, 2006. 196 p.

Information About the Authors

Matrena A. Khararbakhova, MA in Psychology, Master of Psychology, Graduate of the Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5239-4414, e-mail: khararbakhova.matriona@gmail.com

Oksana A. Musatova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Social Work of the Faculty of Psychology and Social Sciences, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8893-4059, e-mail: muoxa@mail.ru

Elena M. Shpagina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3325-3402, e-mail: shpaginaem@mgppu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2079
Previous month: 69
Current month: 64

Downloads

Total: 573
Previous month: 21
Current month: 13