Subjective Predictors of Cadets’ Behavior Patterns in Situation of Cognitive Dissonance

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Abstract

The article presents the results of an empirical study revealing the role of different personal qualities in the choice of certain patterns of behavior in situations of cognitive dissonance. In the study on a sample of cadets (N=217), it was found that a certain ratio of personality qualities such as self-esteem, anxiety and locus of control are fundamental predictors in choosing a constructive or destructive strategy of behavior in a situation of cognitive dissonance. It has been empirically proved that the correlation between low anxiety, adequate self-esteem and internal self-regulation is typical for cadets choosing a constructive model of behavior in situations of cognitive dissonance that ensures the successful solution of a cognitive task. Cadets with a destructive strategy of behavior in such a situation have a statistically significant correlation of moderate or pronounced anxiety, inflated self-esteem and external regulation, which impedes getting out of a complex cognitive construct. And finally, the avoidant behavior model in cognitive dissonance is demonstrated by respondents with high anxiety, low self-esteem and external locus control. On the basis of the data obtained, a conclusion is made about the development of a special program for correction and enhancement of the emotional-volitional sphere of cadets during their studies at the university.

General Information

Keywords: behavior patterns, the cognitive dissonance, students, subjective predictors, anxiety, self-esteem, locus of control, coping-strategies, respondents

Journal rubric: Personality-oriented Psychotechnologies in Law Enforcement

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120212

Received: 08.10.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Kudinov S.I., Burtsev A.O., Kudinov S., Maryin M.I., Khanalieva D. Subjective Predictors of Cadets’ Behavior Patterns in Situation of Cognitive Dissonance [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 161–177. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120212. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Sergey I. Kudinov, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Professor, RUDN Universiti (FSAO VO RUDN), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2117-6975, e-mail: rudn.tgu@yandex.ru

Anton O. Burtsev, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department for the Study of Problems of Industrial Management of the Research Center,, Academy of Management of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1279-5720, e-mail: burcev_anton@bk.ru

Stanislav Kudinov, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Philology, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1515-8754, e-mail: kudinov_ss@rudn.ru

Mikhail I. Maryin, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of Department of Scientific Fundamentals of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1142-8857, e-mail: marin_misha@mail.ru

Dagmar Khanalieva, PhD in Psychology, doctoral student, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1175-7522, e-mail: seda.42@mail.ru

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