Comparative-Historical Analysis of the Self-Esteem in Adolescents with Persistent Illegal Behavior (1996, 2004 and 2020)

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Abstract

The paper presents the results of a comparative analysis of the self-esteem of adolescents with persistent illegal and conditionally normative behavior surveyed in 1996, 2004 and 2020. The purpose of the analysis was to identify stable characteristics of the self-esteem of adolescents with illegal behavior, as well as characteristics of their self-esteem that are mediated by the cultural and historical context of personality formation. The materials of three empirical studies are presented. The studies involved 338 male adolescents aged 14-17, including 174 adolescents with persistent illegal behavior and 164 adolescents with conditionally normative behavior. Adolescents’ self-esteem was assessed by Manaster’s Self-esteem Scale (adapted in Russian by E. Sidorenko). The results were processed with variance analysis. The results show that adolescents with persistent illegal behavior are characterized by lower general, reflected and maximum self-esteems in comparison with peers with conditionally normative behavior, while prospective and ideal self-esteems do not significantly differ. At the same time, the self-esteems of adolescents with persistent illegal behavior demonstrated a more pronounced dependence on the socio-cultural context of personality formation than the self-esteems of their peers with conditionally normative behavior.

General Information

Keywords: self-esteem, adolescents, persistent illegal behavior, conditionally normative behavior, comparative historical research

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120413

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 20-013-00437.

Received: 20.08.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Gorkovaya I.A., Miklyaeva A.V. Comparative-Historical Analysis of the Self-Esteem in Adolescents with Persistent Illegal Behavior (1996, 2004 and 2020) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 171–184. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120413. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irina A. Gorkovaya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head, Department of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1488-4746, e-mail: iralgork@mail.ru

Anastasia V. Miklyaeva, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of General and Social Psychology, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8389-2275, e-mail: a.miklyaeva@gmail.com

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