Psychological Obstacles to the Formation of Loyalty of Employees of the Penitentiary System to Professional-Service Groups

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Abstract

The article examines the factors that prevent the formation of loyalty of employees of penitentiary system to professional-service groups of their affiliation. The position is argued that alongside with absence of factors of formation of loyalty, there are specific socially-psychological obstacles for formation of loyalty to professional-service groups. Such obstacles were identified based on the analysis of empirical data (N=2786, respondents — men and the women engaging various positions in establishments and territorial units of Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia of 76 subjects of the Russian Federation; methods - The «Method of color metaphors», the questionnaire «Subjective assessment of integration»). In relation to large formal groups (like ministry) such an obstacle is the lack of experience of joint activities and emotional experiences in the group. At the level of large contact groups (organizations), the most significant factors preventing loyalty are the lack of exclusivity and value of the group, obvious differences in the normative and value orientations of their members. The main factor hindering loyalty to small contact groups in the professional and service sphere is the ignoring or rejection of a member of the group by its other members.

General Information

Keywords: psychology of government employees, psychology of employees of the penitentiary system, groups of government employees, loyalty, obstacles for loyalty

Journal rubric: Psychology of Professional Activity

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2023130103

Acknowledgements. The authors thank for their assistance in collecting data for the study of psychologists of institutions of the penitentiary system

Received: 27.02.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Gornostaev S.V. Psychological Obstacles to the Formation of Loyalty of Employees of the Penitentiary System to Professional-Service Groups [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 40–50. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2023130103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Stanislav V. Gornostaev, Doctor of Psychology, Docent, Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Pedagogy, Academy of Law Management of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Ryazan, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5259-0258, e-mail: stanislavrz@yandex.ru

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