Modern Russian Adolescents' Notions of Significant Personal Traits



The article provides the results of research investigating the core of significant personal traits, tracing developmental dynamics and influence of gender differences on changes in adolescents' preferences of personal traits. The empirical data are collected from interviews with 3056 pupils of Moscow secondary schools in 2009. The sample included 5—9th-graders, 50, 8% of them were female and 49,2 % — male. The obtained data underwent frequency domain analysis, content-analysis and factor analysis. The results demonstrate that present-day Russian pupils consider the personal traits that provide successful social interactions to be the most important. Preferences of some personal traits distinctly reveal age and gender differences; there is peculiar value-orientation of adolescent consciousness aimed at problematization of the sphere of moral and ethical relationships.

General Information

Keywords: puberty, gender self-determination, value orientations, significant personal qualities, leading activity, questionnaires, factor analysis.

Journal rubric: Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Sobkin V.S., Burelomova A.S., Smyslova M.M. Modern Russian Adolescents' Notions of Significant Personal Traits. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2011. Vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 44–55. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Vladimir S. Sobkin, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, Head of the Center for Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management, Center for Modern Problems of Modern Education at the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Anastasiya S. Burelomova, junior research fellow of the Institute of Sociology of Education, the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia

Maria M. Smyslova, Leading analyst, Laboratory of Sociological Research in Education of the Center for the Development of Education, The Federal State Budget Institution «Russian Academy of Education», Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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