The Role of National Identity and Attitudes towards Immigrants in Economic Beliefs of Russians: An Empirical Model

794

Abstract

This paper focuses on the testing of the model of interrelations between national identity, attitudes toward immigrants and economic beliefs of Russians. Basing upon the structural equation modeling, it was confirmed that: patriotism is connected with positive attitudes towards immigrants, while nationalism is connected with negative ones; there is a positive relationship between subjective economic well-being and positive attitudes towards immigrants at the individual level; the effect of nationalism on the attitude towards economic self¬dependence is mediated by negative attitudes towards immigrants.

General Information

Keywords: national identity, nationalism, patriotism, immigrants, prejudice, economic self-dependence, mediation model.

Journal rubric: Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Grigoryan L.K., Lepshokova Z.K. The Role of National Identity and Attitudes towards Immigrants in Economic Beliefs of Russians: An Empirical Model . Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2012. Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 5–20. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Lepshokova Z.H. Vzaimosvyaz' strategii adaptacii migrantov s ih psihologicheskim blagopoluchiem: Diss. … kand. psihol. nauk. M., 2011.
  2. Naumenko L.I. Etnicheskaya identichnost'. Problemy transformacii v postsovetskii period // Etnicheskaya psihologiya i obshestvo. M., 1997.
  3. Adorno T.W. et al. The Authoritarian Personality. N. Y., 1950.
  4. Beugelsdijk S., Smulders S. Bridging and Bonding Social Capital: Which type is good for economic growth? Report on «UCL Migration Week», 2003.
  5. Billiet J., Maddens B., Beerten R. National identity and attitude toward foreigners in a multinational state: a replication // Political Psychology. 2003. № 24.
  6. Blank T., Schmidt P. National identity in a united Germany: nationalism or patriotism? An empirical test with representative data // Political Psychology. 2003. № 24.
  7. Bledsoe T. et al. Residential context and racial solidarity among African Americans // American Journal of Political Science. 1995. № 39.
  8. Brown R. Social identity theory: past achievements, current problems and future challenges // European Journal of Social Psychology. 2000. № 30.
  9. Citrin J., Wong C., Duff B. The meaning of American national identity: patterns of ethnic conflict and consensus // Social Identity, Intergroup Conflict, and Conflict Reduction. N. Y., 2001.
  10. Cohrs C.J., Dimitrova D., Kalchevska T., Kleinke S. et al. Ist patriotischer Nationalstolz wünschenswert? Eine differenzierte Analyse seiner psychologischen Bedeutung [Is patri­otic national pride desirable? A differentiated analysis of its psychological meaning] // Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie. 2004. № 35.
  11. Hewstone M. et al. Intergroup contact in a divided society: challenging segregation in Northern Ireland // The Social Psychology of Inclusion and Exclusion. Philadelphia, 2005. ..
  12. Heyder A., Schmidt P. Patriotismus ware besser. [German proud. Patriotism would be better] // Deutsche Zustande, Folge 1 [German States, sequel 1]. Frankfurt, 2002.
  13. Kesler C., Bloemraad I. Does Immigration Erode Social Capital? The Conditional Effects of Immigration­Generated Diversity on Trust, Membership, and Participation across 19 Countries, 1981—2000 // Canadian Journal of Political Science. 2010. № 43:2.
  14. Knack S., Keefer P. Does Social capital have an economic payoff: A cross­country investigation // Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1997. № 112 (4).
  15. Kosterman R., Feshbach S. Toward measure of patriotic and nationalistic attitudes // Political Psychology. 1989. Vol. 10. № 2.
  16. Laurence J. The Effect of Ethnic Diversity and Community Disadvantage on Social Cohesion: A Multi­Level Analysis of Social Capital and Interethnic Relations in UK Communities // European Sociological Review. 2011. Vol. 27. № 1.
  17. Letki N. Does diversity erode social cohesion? Social capital and race in British neigh­borhoods // Political Studies. 2008. № 56.
  18. Onyx J., Bullen P. Sources of social capital // Social Capital and Public Policy in Australia. Melbourne, 2000.
  19. Putnam R.D. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community.  N. Y., 2000.
  20. Putnam R.D. E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and community in the twenty­first century. The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture // Scandinavian Political Studies. 2007. № 30.
  21. Tiemann T., Das J., DiRienzo C. A note on an ethnic homogeneity Kuznets curve // Challenge. 2006. № 49:2.
  22. Tiemann T., DiRienzo C., Das J. Tolerance, heterogeneity, creativity, and economic growth. Proceedings of the Measuring Creativity: Can creativity be measured? Conference, 2009.
  23. World Migration Report 2010. The Future of Migration: Building Capacities for Change. International Organization for Change. International Organization for Migration (http://www.iom.int).

Information About the Authors

Lusine K. Grigoryan, MA in Psychology, PhD Student, Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences, Jacobs University Bremen, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: grigoryanlusine@yandex.ru

Zarina K. Lepshokova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Research Fellow, Center for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Аssociate professor, Department of Psychology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3387-8242, e-mail: taimiris@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2559
Previous month: 10
Current month: 6

Downloads

Total: 794
Previous month: 8
Current month: 5