Relationship between Multiple Categorization and Ethnic Prejudices: The Role of Social Beliefs

1089

Abstract

The paper deals with the relationship between multiple self-categorization and attitudes to 'oustiders' in individuals. It was initially assumed that the more social cat- egories people use in self-categorization, the more negative their attitudes towards the representatives of ethnic outgroups are. However, this relationship turned out to be mediated by social beliefs: the more a person believes in the dangerous and competi- tive world, the stronger the correlation between the number of categories and the prej- udices. In order to test this assumption, a study was carried out in which the subjects (N=91) filled out surveys aimed at capturing the complexity of their systems of social categories employed in self-categorization, their beliefs concerning the dangerous and competitive world, and their ethnic prejudices.

General Information

Keywords: multiple self-categorization, dangerous world beliefs, competitive world beliefs, ethnic prejudices

Journal rubric: Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Gulevich O.A., Ermolaeva N.N. Relationship between Multiple Categorization and Ethnic Prejudices: The Role of Social Beliefs. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2014. Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 31–41. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Гулевич О.А., Аникеенок О.А., Безменова И.К. Социальные верования: адаптация методик Дж. Даккита // Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики. 2014. № 1. [Gulevich O.A., Anikeenok O.A., Bezmenova I.K. Social'nye verovanija: adaptacija metodik Dzh. Dakkita // Psihologija. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. 2014. № 1.].
  2. Brewer M.B. Deprovincialization. Social identity complexity and outgroup accep) tance // Improving intergroup relations. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2008.
  3. Brook A.T., Garcia J., Fleming M. The effects of multiple identities on psychological well) being // Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2008. Vol. 34.
  4. Deffenbacher D.M., Park B., Judd C.M., Correll J. Category boundaries can be accentu) ated without increasing intergroup bias // Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2009. Vol. 12.
  5. Dovidio J.F., Gaetner S.L., Saguy T. Another view of "we": mjority and minority group perspectives on a common ingroup identity // European Review of Social Psychology. 2007. Vol.18.
  6. Dovidio J.F., Gaertner S.R., Saguy T., Halabi S. From when to why. Understanding how contact reduces bias // Improving intergroup relations. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2008.
  7. Dovidio J.F., Validzic A., Gaertner S.L. Intergroup bias: status, differentiation, and a com) mon in)group identity // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1998. Vol. 75.
  8. Duckitt J., Wagner C., du Plessis I., Birum I. The psychological bases of ideology and prej) udice: testing a dual process model // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2002. Vol. 83.
  9. Ensari N., Miller N. Prejudice and intergroup attributions: the role of personalization and performance feedback // Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2005. Vol. 8.
  10. Federico C.M., Hunt C.V., Ergun D. Political expertise, social worldviews, and ideolo) gy: translating ''competitive jungles'' and ''dangerous worlds'' into ideological reality // Social Justice Research. 2009. Vol. 22.
  11. Gaertner S.L., Dovidio J.F., Anastasio P.A., Bachman B.A., Rust M.C. The common ingroup identity model: recategorization and the reduction of intergroup bias // Euro) pean Review of Social Psychology. / Ed. by W. Stroebe, M. Hewstone. John Wiley and sons LTD. 1993. Vol. 4.
  12. Giessner S.R., Mummendey A. United we win, divided we fail? Effects of cognitive merger representations and performance feedback on merging groups // European Jour) nal of Social Psychology. 2008. Vol. 38.
  13. Gonzales R., Brown R. Generalization of positive attitude as a function of subgroup and superordinate group identifications in intergroup contact // European Journal of Social Psychology. 2003. Vol. 33.
  14. Hall N.R., Crisp R.J. Considering multiple criteria for social categorization can reduce intergroup bias // Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2005. Vol. 31.
  15. Jugert P., Duckitt J. A motivational model of authoritarianism: integrating personal and situational determinants // Political Psychology. 2009. Vol. 30.
  16. Miller K.P., Brewer M.B., Arbuckle N.L. Social identity complexity: its correlates and antecedents // Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2009. Vol.12.
  17. Molina L.E., Wittig M.A., Giang M.T. Mutual acculturation and social categorization: a comparison of two perspectives on intergroup bias // Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2004. Vol. 7.
  18. Nier J.A., Gaertner S.L., Dovidio J.F., Banker B.S., Ward C.M., Rust M.C. Changing interracial evaluations and behavior: the effects of a common group identity // Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2001. Vol. 4.
  19. Roccas S., Brewer M.D. Social identity complexity // Personality and Social Psycho) logy Review. 2002. Vol. 6.
  20. Sibley C.G., Wilson M.S., Robertson A. Differentiating the motivations and justifications underlying individual differences in Pakeha opposition to bicultural policy: replication and extension of a predictive model // New Zealand Journal of Psychology. 2007. Vol. 36.
  21. Stone C.H., Crisp R.J. Superordinate and subgroup identification as predictors of inter) group evaluation in common ingroup contexts // Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2007. Vol.10.
  22. Ullrich J. Reconsidering the ''relative'' in relative ingroup prototypicality // European Journal of Social Psychology. 2009. Vol. 39.
  23. Vasquez E.A., Ensari N., Pedersen W.C., Tan R.Y., Miller N. Personalization and differ) entiation as moderators of triggered displaced aggression towards out)group targets // European Journal of Social Psychology. 2007. Vol. 37.
  24. Van Hiel A., Cornelis I., Roets A. The intervening role of social worldviews in the rela) tionship between the five)factor model of personality and social attitudes // European Journal of Personality. 2007. Vol. 21.
  25. Voci A., Hewstone M. Intergroup contact and prejudice toward immigrants in Italy: the mediational role of anxiety and the moderational role of group salience // Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. 2003. Vol. 6.

Information About the Authors

Olga A. Gulevich, Doctor of Psychology, Laboratory Head, Politics & Psychology Research Laboratory, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3806-5064, e-mail: goulevitch@mail.ru

N. N. Ermolaeva, business coach at the "Russian Standard Bank", Moscow, e-mail: koda05@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2128
Previous month: 18
Current month: 23

Downloads

Total: 1089
Previous month: 8
Current month: 1