Estimating spread of violent behaviour with children

3104

Abstract

The article is to problems of violence (physical, psychological, sexual) to children in the region of Nyzhniy Novgorod in the Russian Federation. It was used international tool for questionnaire ICAST-C. В исследовании приняли участие 227 children par- ticipated in this study (131 girls, 96 boys) in the age of 11 to 18 years old. The results show that 78,4% of children have some experience of violence and abuse. 3/4 — in family, and 2/3 — at school. High level of psychological abuse at home was shown (more than 2/3 ), at home it is more often than at school (54% versus 30%). Children suffer from physical abuse at home (49% versus 33% at school). Though they suffer from sexual abuse at school (27%). All kinds of abuse take place among girls as well as among boys. Except physical abuse at school where it is more usual among boys (45%), versus (33%) girls. Girls suffer more at home. Teenagers suffer less, than youngsters. Emotional abuse is not spread widely (40% versus 60—75% in other groups). In general they suffer from sexual abuse not often, though it is usually at home (8,5% cases).

General Information

Keywords: violence, abuse, ICAST-C

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2016070202

For citation: Volkova E.N., Volkova I.V., Isaeva O.M. Estimating spread of violent behaviour with children. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2016. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 19–34. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2016070202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Volkova E.N. Nasilie i zhestokoe obrashhenie s det’mi [Child abuse and maltreat- ment]. Sankt-Peterburg: OOO “Knizhnij Dom”, 2011. 384 p.
  2. Volkova E.N., Isaeva O.M., Grishina A.V., Skitnevskaja L.V., Kosyh E.A., Dunaeva N.I. Vozmozhnosti ispol’zovanija oprosnika ICAST-C v uslovijah rossijskoj dejstvitel’nosti [Implementation of ICAST-C questionnaire in Russian reality]. Nauchnoe mnenie [Scien- tific opinion], 2012, no. 12, pp. 115—122.
  3. Petrosjanc V.R. Psihologicheskaja harakteristika starsheklassnikov, uchastnikov bullinga v obrazovatel’noj srede, i ih zhiznestojkost’. Diss. ... kand. psihol. nauk. [Psycho- logical particularities and resilience of bullying participants among high school students. PHD. Sci. (Psychology) diss.]. Sankt-Peterburg, 2011. 210 p.
  4. Cherepanova E.M. Psihologicheskij stress: pomogi sebe i rebenku [Psychological stress: help yourself and your child]. Moscow: Akademija [Academy], 1997. 96 p.
  5. Bojos N., Spira A., Ducot B., Messiah A. Analysis of sexual behavior in France (ACSF): a comparison between two modes of investigation: telephone survey and face-to-face sur- vey. AIDS, 1992, no. 6 (3), pp. 315—323.
  6. Durrant J. Corporal punishment: prevalence, predictors and implications for child be- havior and development. In S. Hart., Eliminating corporal punishment , 2005, pp. 52—53. Paris: UNESCO.
  7. Finkelhor D., Ormrod R., Turner H., Hamby S.L. The victimization of children and youth: a comprehensive, national survey. Child Maltreatment, 2005, no. 10 (1), pp. 5—25.
  8. Franzin L., Olandovski M., Vettorazzi M., Werneck R., Moyses S., Kusma S., et al. Child and adolescent abuse and neglect in the city of Curitiba, Brazil. Child Abuse & Ne- glect, 2014, no. 38, pp. 1706—1714.
  9. Kempe C. H. et al. The Battered Child Syndrome. Journal of the American Medical As- sociation, 1962, no. 181, pp. 17—24.
  10. Olweus D. Peer harassment: a critical analysis and some important issues. In J. Ju- vonen, & S. Graham. Peer harassment in school: the plight of the vulnerable and victimized. New York: Guilford, 2001, pp. 3—20.
  11. Pereda N., Guilera G., Forns M., Gómez-Benito J. The prevalence of child sexual abuse in community and student samples: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 2009, no 29, pp. 328—338.
  12. Priebea G., Svedin C. Child sexual abuse is largely hidden from the adult society An epidemiological study of adolescents’ disclosures. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2008, no. 32, pp. 1095—1108.
  13. Ministerstvo truda i sotsial’noy zashchity Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Doklad o polozhe- nii detey i semey, imeyushchikh detey, v Rossiyskoy Federatsii za 2014 g. [The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation. Report on the situation of children and families with children in the Russian Federation in 2015]. Moscow, 2015 — URL:  http://www.rosmintrud.ru/docs/mintrud/protection/256  (Accessed  28.03.2016).

Information About the Authors

Elena N. Volkova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Leading Researcher, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Professor of the Department of Psychology of Education and Prevention of Deviant Behavior, Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9667-4752, e-mail: envolkova@yandex.ru

Irina V. Volkova, senior analyst, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3531-7257, e-mail: atrila@mail.ru

Oksana M. Isaeva, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of Organizational Psychology Department, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0926-5182, e-mail: oisaeva@hse.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 4056
Previous month: 27
Current month: 40

Downloads

Total: 3104
Previous month: 17
Current month: 10