Adaptation of «Proactive coping inventory» Adaptation of «Proactive coping inventory»



The article presents the results of adaptation and correction of the Russian-language version of the questionnaire “proactive copying inventory”. This questionnaire was translated into Russian by E.S. Starchenkova, but the results of its psychometric verification are not available in publications. The original Russian version of the questionnaire showed good consistency of scales (Cronbach’s alpha was greater than 0.77), but unsatisfactory compliance with empirical data by the results of confirmatory factor analysis (χ²(df) 3025.73 (1259); p <0.01; CFI 0.76; TLI 0 , 75, RMSEA 0.056). Based on the analysis of the theoretical model of the classification of coping behavior using the Confirmatory Factor Analysis, a shortened version of the questionnaire was proposed which has good indicators of compliance with the original data (χ²(df) 509,05 (307); CFI 0.95; TLI 0.94; RMSEA 0.04). The abbreviated version showed good indices of internal discriminant validity, and significant correlations were also obtained with the scales of the COPE questionnaire that were close in content.

General Information

Keywords: coping with difficulties, proactive coping, coping strategies

Journal rubric: Methodological Tools

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Belinskaya E.P., Veсherin A.V. Adaptation of «Proactive coping inventory» Adaptation of «Proactive coping inventory». Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 137–145. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2018090314. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Belinskaya E.P. Sovladanie kak social’no-psihologicheskaya problema [Coping as a socio-psychological problem [Coping as a socio-psychological problem]. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological research], 2009, no. 1 (3). URL: (Accessed 20.06.18)
  2. Gordeeva T.O., Osin E.N., Rasskazova E.A., Sichev O.A., Shevyahova V.U. Diagnostika koping-strategiy: adaptaciya oprosnika COPE [Diagnosis of coping strategies: adaptation of the COPE questionnaire]. Psihologiya stressa I sovladayuschego povedeniya v sovremennom rossiyskom obschestve [Psychology of stress and coping behavior in modern Russian society]. Materiali II meszhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferencii [Materials of the II International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Kostroma, 2010.
  3. Starchenkova E.S. Resursy proaktivnogo sovladayushchego povedeniya [Resources of proactive coping behavior]. Vestnik SPbGU [Bulletin of St. Petersburg state University], Ser. 12. 2012, no. 1, pp. 51—61.
  4. Almássy, Z., Pék, G., Papp, G. The Psychometric Properties of the Hungarian Version of the Proactive Coping Inventory: Reliability, Construct Validity and Factor Structure. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 2014. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 115—124.
  5. Aspinwall L.G., Taylor S.E. A stitch in time: self-regulation and proactive coping. Psychological Bulletin, 1997, no. 121, pp. 417—436.
  6. Bhushan B., Gautam R., Greenglass E. The Hindi Adaptation and Standardization of the Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI). International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 2010. Vol.10, no. 2, pp. 331—343.
  7. Frydenberg E. Coping research: Historical background, links with emotion, and new research directions on adaptive processes. Australian Journal of Psychology, 2014. Vol. 66, pp. 82—92.
  8. Greenglass E., Schwarzer R., Taubert S. (1999) The Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI): A multidimensional research instrument [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: http:// (date of access 17.04.18).
  9. Greenglass E.R. Proactive coping. In E. Frydenberg (ed.). Beyond coping: Meeting goals, vision, and challenges. London: Oxford University Press, 2002, pp. 37—62.
  10. Lazarus R.S. Coping theory and research: past, present and future. Psychosomatik Medicine, 1993, no. 55, pp. 237—247.
  11. Roesch S.C., Aldridge A.A., Huff T.L. P., Langner K., Villodas F., Bradshaw K. On the dimensionality of the proactive coping inventory: 7, 5, 3 factors? Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 2009. Vol. 22, pp. 327—339. doi:10.1080/10615800
  12. Schwarzer R. Stress, Resources, and Proactive Coping. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 2001. Vol. 50, pp. 400—407.

Information About the Authors

Elena P. Belinskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Alexander V. Veсherin, PhD in Psychology, Senior Lecturer, Psychology Department of Faculty of Social Sciences, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2524
Previous month: 40
Current month: 8


Total: 1205
Previous month: 12
Current month: 2