Individual values and Internet use: comparison of Russia and European countries

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Abstract

The article presents results from a cross-cultural study of interrelation between activity of Internet use and individual values of the highest order (S. Schwartz): “Self-Transcen¬dence” — “Self-Enhancement” and “Openness to change” — “Conservation”. The data of the eighth wave of the European Social Research (ESS) was an empirical base of the study. In a comparative perspective, we analyzed the links between Internet use and values in Russia (N=2430), as well as in the three European countries that hold the highest rating in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT Development Index, 2017): Iceland (N=880), Switzerland (N=1519), and UK (N=1926). The data were processed using structural equation modeling (SEM) as well as multigroup structural equation modeling (MGSEM). The study showed that similar between Russia and European countries is the lack of connection between the activity of using the Internet with the values of “Self- Transcendence “, as well as a positive relationship with the values of “Openness to change”. Also, was found the following differences in patterns of relationships: on the sample of Russians value “ Self-Enhancement “ was associated positively with the activity of using the Internet, and on a sample of Western European countries this link is missing, but there is a negative relationship values, “Conservation”, away from the Russians. Based on the data obtained, we supposed how the values of Russians may change in the process of further digitalization of society and increasing involvement in the use of the Internet.

General Information

Keywords: digitalization, information and communication technologies, Internet, basic human values, cross-cultural psychology

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2019100406

Funding. This work was supported by grant RSF (project №19-18-00169 «The impact of digitalization on social capital and values of Russian society»).

For citation: Tatarko A.N., Mironova A.A., Maklasova E.V. Individual values and Internet use: comparison of Russia and European countries. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2019. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 77–95. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2019100406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

 

Information About the Authors

Alexander N. Tatarko, Doctor of Psychology, Chief Research Fellow, Center for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Employee of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7557-9107, e-mail: tatarko@yandex.ru

Anna A. Mironova, PhD in Sociology, Research Fellow, Institute for Social Policy, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7182-4643, e-mail: amironova@hse.ru

Ekaterina V. Maklasova, Postgraduate Student, Research Intern, Center for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4857-9261, e-mail: emaklasova@hse.ru

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