Adaptation of the Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire — Russian version



Objective of the study is to adapt of an English-language methodology that reveal the level of ag-gression and victimization in a school bullying situation on a Russian-language sample. Background. Bullying is one of the most serious problems of interpersonal relations at school. Results of previous research suggest negative consequences of bullying for its participants. According to statistics, every third child in Russia is subjected to bullying at school. Nevertheless, the problem of bullying remains scarcely explored, hence there is a problem in the lack of reliable methods for measuring that construct. Study design. The procedure for adapting the English-language Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire methodology consisted of direct and reverse translation, conducting cognitive interviews and surveys, as well as statistical processing stages. Participants. The sample included 833 respondents from 10 to 18 years old, with an average age of 16. 57% of them (473 respondents) are male, and 43% (360 respondents) are female. Methods. Сonfirmatory factor analyses and analysis of internal consistency were conducted for data analysis. The R software was used for data processing. Results. Good performance of confirmatory analysis and analysis of internal consistency confirm the correspondence of the structure of the adapted methodology to the original one and indicate the presence of reliability-consistency. The adapted version of the questionnaire includes 2 scales: victimization and aggression, each of which includes 8 statements, which are evaluated on a 5 — point scale. Conclusion. The adapted method is reliable and valid and can be used for both research and applied purposes in Russian schools.

General Information

Keywords: school bullying, school relationships, adaptation of the method, reliability of the scale

Journal rubric: Methodological Tools

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The article was prepared as a result of research conducted within the framework of the fundamental research Program Of the National Research University Higher school of Economics (HSE).

Acknowledgements. The authors of the article express gratitude Jarbabayev Rustam and Juraeva Gavhar for their help in distributing the questionnaire.

For citation: Bushina E.V., Muminova A.M. Adaptation of the Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire — Russian version. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2021. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 197–216. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2021120212. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Ekaterina V. Bushina, PhD in Psychology, Senior research fellow, Center for Socio-Cultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Azkhariya M. Muminova, Master student, intern-researcher, Center for Sociocultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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