Social Exclusion: Development and Testing of the Scale

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Abstract

Objective. The aim of the study is to develop and test a scale that would measure the volume and intensity of social exclusion experience in interpersonal relationships in a dyad and a small group.Background. In modern highly competitive social environments, interpersonal interactions include a significant number of practices of social exclusion. However, to date, there is no domestic scale that would measure the individual (reflected) experience and its intensity.Study design. The study was carried out using a socio-psychological survey.Participants. In total, 468 people took part in the study: at the first stage — 116 people (average age 23,5), at the second stage — 352 people (average age 21,45).Measurements. The survey scale “Experiencing social exclusion (ESE)” was developed and validated, consisting of three subscales: “Experiencing school bullying”, “Experiencing rejection in a dyad”, “Experiencing exclusion from status figures”.Results. Consistent and retest reliability and validity of the method have been proven. The main types of interactions in which a person gets the experience of social exclusion, the volume and intensity of his experience have been determined.Conclusions. The scale can be used both for research and for applied purposes.

General Information

Keywords: social exclusion, experience, situations of exclusion, bullying, rejection, interpersonal relationships, psychodiagnostics

Journal rubric: Methodological Tools

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2022130307

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 20-013-00736.

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful for the help in data processing to N.P. Radchikova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor.

Received: 09.03.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Semenova G.V., Vekilova S.A., Rudykhina O.V. Social Exclusion: Development and Testing of the Scale. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2022. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 97–115. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2022130307. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Galina V. Semenova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Human Psychology, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3936-2039, e-mail: semenovagv@herzen.spb.ru

Sevil A. Vekilova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Human Psychology, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6552-9963, e-mail: vekilova@mail.ru

Olga V. Rudykhina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8207-4016, e-mail: olga.rudykhina@gmail.com

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