Contemporary Approaches to the Quality of Life: from Objective Contexts to Subjective Ones

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Abstract

Objective. Quality of life is a category that develops in breadth, but not in depth. The objective of the paper is a brief systematic presentation of the approaches of three influential representatives of a field of interdisciplinary research of the quality of life, who contributed a lot to the shaping of this field and its development till our days, namely Alex Michalos, Joseph Sirgy and Ruut Veenhoven. Background. These three concepts of quality of life may be viewed as representing the main trend in quality of life research has evolved through the last three decades. The essential characteristics of this trend are, first of all, growing interdisciplinarity of both theoretical models and empirical research of the quality of life, increasing contribution of psychology to the understanding and investigating this area and progressing shift of the focus of research from objective living conditions to the subjective indicators of quality of life. Methodology. A transdisciplinary comparative analysis. Conclusions. These closely interconnected characteristics bridge quality of life studies focused on the specifics of different types of societies and cultures with the research of happiness and subjective well-being at an individual psychological level. The positive psychology currently defines today the main stream of understanding the quality of life in interdisciplinary research. This trend is expected to develop in direction increasing attention to the socio-psychological features of the personality, which determine its quality of life.

General Information

Keywords: quality of life, subjective well-being, happiness, A. Michalos, J. Sirgy, R. Veenhoven

Journal rubric: Theoretical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2022130409

Funding. The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (RSF), project № 18-18-00480 “Subjective indicators and psychological predictors of quality of life”, https://rscf.ru/project/21-18-28040/ in Tomsk State University.

Received: 26.10.2020

Accepted:

For citation: Lebedeva A.A., Leontiev D.A. Contemporary Approaches to the Quality of Life: from Objective Contexts to Subjective Ones. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2022. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 142–162. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2022130409. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna A. Lebedeva, PhD in Psychology, Researcher, The Laboratory for Comparative Research in Quality of Life, National Research Tomsk State University, Associate Professor: Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Psychology; Senior Research Fellow: International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, HSE University, Tomsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5919-5338, e-mail: anna.alex.lebedeva@gmail.com

Dmitriy A. Leontiev, Doctor of Psychology, Leading Research Fellow, The Laboratory for Comparative Research in Quality of Life, National Research Tomsk State University, Head of International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation; Professor of Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Psychology, HSE University, Moscow, Tomsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2252-9805, e-mail: dmleont@gmail.com

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