Subjective Representations of the Health of Preschool Teachers

80

Abstract

Objective. The study of subjective representations of the health of preschool teachers.
Background. Subjective representations of health are an individual psychological instrument of well-being influencing objective achievements in personal, social and professional life. Subjective representations of the health of preschool teachers are both an important factor for their professional activities and the characteristics of the educational environment for children. Research on subjective representations of the health of preschool teachers is important because it may affect the development of children's attitudes towards their health.
Study design. The study is dedicated to subjective representations of health and their relationship with stratification variables and components of psychological well-being in the PERMA model. Analytical approaches included descriptive statistics, frequency analysis, analysis of variance, cluster and correlation analyses.
Participants. The main sample included 1537 preschool teachers aged between 21 and 74 years with work experience from 1 year to 55 years, with secondary or higher education. All participants live in the Russian Federation.
Method. The study was conducted online using the PERMA-Profiler questionnaire, adapted for the Russian-speaking sample. Subjective representations of health include the cognitive self-assessment of health, satisfaction with own’s health, social comparison of own’s health with peers. The information about socio-demographic characteristics (age, level of education, work experience, place of residence, marital status, number of children) was also collected.
Results. The perception of the health of preschool educators consistent between own’s cognitive self-assessment of health, satisfaction with health and social comparison with the health of other people. Subjective representations of the health of preschool teachers are characterized by positivity and optimism. These representations do not depend on the level of education, place of residence, geography of the region of residence, number of children, marital status, but are related to age and work experience. The highest indicators of subjective representations of health were found among older educators.
Conclusions. Subjective representations of health have a positive connotation and are associated with the psychological well-being of preschool teachers. Involvement in pedagogical activity contributes to positive representations of the health of educators, especially in old age.

General Information

Keywords: health; subjective representations; preschool teachers; psychological well-being; PERMA

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2023140207

Received: 11.04.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Volkova E.N., Rudnova N.A., Kalimullin A.M. Subjective Representations of the Health of Preschool Teachers. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 103–115. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2023140207. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Gavrilitsa O.A. Rolevoy konflikt rabotayushchey zhenshchiny: Diss. ... kand. psikhol. nauk. [Role conflict of a working woman. PhD (Psychology) Thesis]. Moscow, 1998. 185 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Golubeva G.N., Golubev A.I. Vneshniye i vnutrenniye faktory riska zdorov'ya studentov [External and internal risk factors for health students]. Fundamental'nyye issledovaniya = Fundamental Research, 2013, № 8–4, pp. 909– (In Russ.).
  3. Zdravoohranenie v Rossii. 2021: Statisticheskij sbornik. Rosstat [Health care in Russia. 2021: Statistical compendium]. Moscow: Federal State Statistics Service, 2021. 171 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Isaeva O.M., Akimova A.YU., Volkova E.N. Oprosnik blagopoluchiya PERMA-Profiler: aprobatsiya russkoyazychnoĭ versii [PERMA-Profiler: the Approbation of the Russian Version]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2022. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 116–133. DOI:10.17759/sps.2022130308 (In Russ.).
  5. Mitina L.M., Mitin G.V., Anisimova O.A. Professional'noye zdorov'ye pedagoga: uchebnoye posobiye dlya vuzov [Professional health of a teacher: textbook for universities]. Moscow: Publ. Yurayt, 2023. 379 p. URL: https://urait.ru/bcode/519006 (Accessed 26.03.2023). (In Russ.).
  6. Poluektova N.M., Smirnova A.N. Chelovek kak sub"yekt zdorov'ya [Human as a subject of health]. Chelovek = Human, 2016, no. 1, pp. 5–16. (In Russ.).
  7. Tsvetkova L.A., Antonova N.A., Dubrovskiy R.G. Kontseptual'nyye osnovy izucheniya i izmereniya zdorov'ya i blagopoluchiya cheloveka s pozitsiy psikhologicheskoy nauki [A Conceptual Framework for the Study and Measurement of Human Health and Well-Being from the Standpoint of Psychological Science]. Vestnik Rossiyskogo fonda fundamental'nykh issledovaniy = Russian Foundation for Basic Research Journal, 2019, no. 4(104), pp. 69–75. DOI:10.22204/2410-4639-2019-104-04-69-75 (In Russ.).
  8. Chuprov V.I., Zubok YU.A., Romanovich N.A. Otnosheniye k sotsial'noy real'nosti v rossiyskom obshchestve: sotsiokul'turnyy mekhanizm formirovaniya I vosproizvodstva [Attitude to Social Reality in Russian Society: Sociocultural Mechanism of Formation and Reproduction]. Moscow: Norma; INFRA-M, 2014. 350 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Adler A., Seligman M.E.P. Using wellbeing for public policy: Theory, measurement, and recommendations. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2016. Vol. 6(1), pp. 1–35. DOI:10.5502/ijw.v6i1.429
  10. Butler J., Kern M.L. The PERMA-Profiler: A brief multidimensional measure of flourishing. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2016. Vol. 6(3), pp. 1–48. DOI:10.5502/ijw.v6i3.526
  11. Choi S., Suh C., Yang J.W., Ye B.J., Lee C.K., Son B.C., Choi M. Korean translation and validation of the Workplace Positive emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and Accomplishment (PERMA)-Profiler. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2019. Vol. 31(1). DOI:10.35371/aoem.2019.31.e17
  12. Deaton A. Income, health and well-being around the world: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2008. Vol. 22(2), pp. 53–72. DOI:10.1257/jep.22.2.53
  13. Diener E., Scollon C.N., Lucas R.E. The evolving concept of subjective well-being: The multifaceted nature of happiness. In E. Diener (Ed.). Assessing well-being: The collected works of Ed Diener. Springer Science + Business Media, 2009, pp. 67–100. DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-2354-4_4
  14. Friedman H.S., Kern M.L. Personality, well-being, and health. Annual Review of Psychology, 2014. Vol. 65, pp. 719–742. DOI:10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115123
  15. Friedman H.S., Martin L.R. The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade Study. New York: Hudson St. Press, 2011. 272 p.
  16. Seligman M.E.P. Flourishing. A new understanding of happiness and well-being and how to achieve them. Boston: Nicholas Brealey, 368 p.
  17. Srimathi N.L., Kiran Kumar S.K. Psychological well-being of employed women across different organizations. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 2010. Vol. 36(1), pp. 89–95.
  18. Wammerl M., Jaunig J., Mairunteregger Th., Streit Ph. The German Version of the PERMA-Profiler: Evidence for Construct and Convergent Validity of the PERMA Theory of Well-Being in German Speaking Countries. Journal of Well-Being Assessment, Vol. 3, pp. 75–96. DOI:10.1007/s41543-019-00021-0

Information About the Authors

Elena N. Volkova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Leading Researcher, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Professor of the Department of Psychology of Education and Prevention of Deviant Behavior, Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9667-4752, e-mail: envolkova@yandex.ru

Natalia A. Rudnova, PhD in Psychology, Junior Research Fellow, Laboratory of Childhood Psychology and Digital Socialization, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2063-2892, e-mail: rudnova.na@yandex.ru

Aidar M. Kalimullin, Doctor of History, Professor, Director, Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7788-7728, e-mail: kalimullin@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 195
Previous month: 13
Current month: 11

Downloads

Total: 80
Previous month: 10
Current month: 8