Types of Parental Attitudes in the Psychological Support of a Child-Athlete: A Diagnostic Questionnaire

260

Abstract

Objective. Development and psychometric testing of a questionnaire that allows diagnosing the types of parental attitudes in the psychological support of a child-athlete.
Background. Researchers distinguish various, including "problem" types, the relationship of a parent to a child-athlete, emphasizing the importance of this factor in the development of a sports career and the need for its diagnosis. At the same time, there are no standardized methods that allow quantitatively measuring parental attitudes in relation to the child-athlete.
Study design. The hypothetical model of parental attitudes in the psychological support of a child-athlete included six types. During the psychometric testing of the questionnaire, the initial model was transformed and three types of parental attitudes were empirically identified. Data collection was organized using Google Forms, the link for taking the survey was sent directly through social networks.
Participants. The sample consisted of 204 respondents: parents of children-athletes (mothers – 74,8%; fathers – 25,5%).
Measurements. Psychometric testing of the author's questionnaire "Types of parental attitudes in the psychological support of a child-athlete" for indicators of constructive and competitive validity, retest reliability, consistency, discrimination of scales was carried out using correlation and cluster analysis, frequency analysis. Competitive validity was carried out using the Parent Relationship Questionnaire (A.Ya. Varga and V.V. Stolin). Statistica 7 and Excel 2013 programs were used for data processing.
Results. Three types of parental attitudes in the psychological support of a young athlete were empirically verified: "Unfulfilled parental ambitions", "Involved, supporting parent", "Distracted, negatively inclined parent". The norms of expressiveness of each type of parental attitudes and their frequency in the standardization sample were revealed. The questionnaire "Types of parental attitudes in the psychological support of a child-athlete" and the key to it are presented in the appendix to the article.
Conclusions. The questionnaire "Types of parental attitudes in the psychological support of a child-athlete" developed by the authors is reliable and valid and can be proposed as a diagnostic tool for scientific and practical use in the psychological and pedagogical support of children's and youth sports.

General Information

Keywords: parental attitudes; psychological support; young athlete; diagnostics

Journal rubric: Methodological Tools

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2023140311

Funding. This paper has been supported by the Kazan Federal University Strategic Academic Leadership Program (Priority-2030).

Received: 23.01.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Lopukhova O.G., Nurkhamitova L.R. Types of Parental Attitudes in the Psychological Support of a Child-Athlete: A Diagnostic Questionnaire. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 173–186. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2023140311. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Avdeeva N.N., Berseneva I.V. Tsennostnyye ustanovki materey v sovremennykh modelyakh roditel'stva [Elektronnyi resurs] [Value Attitudes of Mothers in Modern Parenthood Models]. Sotsial’naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2022. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 163176. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2022130211 (In Russ.).
  2. Akinkina Y.M. Ponyatie «intensivnogo roditel’stva» v zarubezhnoi literature [Elektronnyi resurs] [The concept of «intensive parenthood» in foreign literature]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 117122. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2020090210 (In Russ.).
  3. Akinkina Ya.M. Printsipy «estestvennogo roditel’stva» v sovremennykh sem’yakh [Elektronnyi resurs] [Principles of “natural parenthood” in modern families]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 103109. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2020090409 (In Russ.).
  4. Istratova O.N. Diagnostika i korrektsiya detsko-roditel'skikh otnosheniy: praktikum [Diagnosis and correction of child-parent relationships: workshop]. Ed. 2. Rostov n/D: Feniks, 2018. 316 p.
  5. Konishcheva A.V. Podkhody k issledovaniyu roditel'skogo otnosheniya v rossiyskoy psikhologii [Elektronnyi resurs] [Approaches to the Study of Parental Attitude in Russian Psychology]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 88–96. DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2022120308 (In Russ.).
  6. Prokhorova A.A. Zarubezhnye issledovaniya sverkhvklyuchennogo tipa roditel’stva («overparenting») [Elektronnyi resurs] [Foreign studies of overparenting style of parenthood]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 16–24. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2019080402 (In Russ.).
  7. Rusakovskaya O.A., Novikova-Grund M.V., Andrianova S.B. Psikhosemioticheskii podkhod k otsenke roditel’skogo otnosheniya [The psychosemiotic approach towards assessment of parental attitude] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Psychiatry, 2019, no. 4, pp. 27–35. DOI: 10.24411/1560-957X-2019-11933 (In Russ.).
  8. Khvatskaya E.E., Latysheva N.E. Metodika issledovaniya otnosheniya roditeley k zanyatiyam rebenka sportom [Methods of researching the attitude of parents to the child's sports]. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «II Yevropeyskiye igry – 2019: psikhologo-pedagogicheskiye i mediko-biologicheskiye aspekty podgotovki sportsmenov» [Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference "II European Games – 2019: Psychological, Pedagogical and Medical-Biological Aspects of Training Athletes"] (April 4–5, 2019). Ch. ed. S.B. Repkin. At 4 a.m. Minsk: BSUPC, 2019. Part 2, pp. 312–315.
  9. Khvatskaya E.E., Latysheva N.E. «Problemnoye» otnosheniye roditeley k zanyatiyam rebenka sportom ["Problem" attitude of parents to the child's sports]. Materialy XV Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiyem «Rudikovskiye chteniya – 2019» [Proceedings of the XV All-Russian scientific and practical conference with international participation "Rudik Readings – 2019"] (May 29–30, 2019). Common ed. Yu.V. Baykovsky, V.A. Moskvin. Moscow: RGUFKSiM, 2019, pp. 216–219.
  10. Chebotareva E.Yu. Mezhkul’turnye osobennosti svyazei chrezmernogo roditel’stva s psikhologicheskim blagopoluchiem sovremennykh starshikh podrostkov [Elektronnyi resurs] [Cross-cultural peculiarities of interrelations between overparenting and psychological well-being of present time senior]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 7–15. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2019080401 (In Russ.).
  11. Baxter-Jones A., Maffulli N. Parental influence on sport participation in elite young athletes. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2003, no. 43, рр. 250–255. PMID: 12853909
  12. Holt N., Tamminen K., Black D., Sehn Z., Wall M. Parental involvement in competitive youth sport settings. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2008, no. 9, рр. 663–685. DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.08.001
  13. O’Rourke D.J., Smith R.E., Smoll F.L., Cumming S.P. Trait Anxiety in Young Athletes as a Function of Parental Pressure and Motivational Climate: Is Parental Pressure Always Harmful? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2011. Vol. 23, no. 4, рр. 398–412. DOI:10.1080/10413200.2011.552089
  14. Sánchez-Miguel P.A., Leo F.M., Sánchez-Oliva D., Amado D., García-Calvo T. The Importance of Parents’ Behavior in their Children’s Enjoyment and Amotivation in Sports. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2013. Vol. 36, рр. 169–177. DOI:10.2478/hukin-2013-0017

Information About the Authors

Olga G. Lopukhova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Pedagogical Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1243-3594, e-mail: olopuhova@rambler.ru

Leysan R. R. Nurkhamitova, Master of Psychological and Pedagogical Education, profile "Psychology and Pedagogy of Children's and Youth Sports", Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0000-5802-4281, e-mail: leisan.nurhamitova@icloud.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 686
Previous month: 69
Current month: 27

Downloads

Total: 260
Previous month: 28
Current month: 14