The Role of the Commissioner for Children’s Rights in the System of State Guarantees for the Protection of the Rights and Legitimate Interests of Minors

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Abstract

The work is aimed at clarifying the role of the Commissioner for Children’s Rights in the system of guarantees for the implementation and protection of the rights of minors. It is noted that in modern science there is an understanding of what constitutes a system of guarantees in its essence — the most important element of the legal status of a minor. At the same time, there is no single approach to what this system is in its structure, while its classifications are proposed. In this regard, in order to study the role of the Commissioner for Children’s Rights in the system of guarantees, two classifications were used, in our opinion, to a greater extent revealing the specifics of the work of this institution. To solve the problems of the study, a general description of some elements of the legal status of the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child, as well as the practice of his interaction with other subjects of law in the system of guarantees of the rights of minors is given. Some results of the activities of the Institute of the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child are presented, convincingly proving the importance of his work in ensuring the realization, protection of rights and legitimate interests, and, if necessary, assistance in restoring violated rights of the child. It is noted that the institution of the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child plays one of the significant roles in this system, since it not only accumulates current problems in the field of childhood in its hands, but also offers their solutions of an interdepartmental nature.

General Information

Keywords: the rights and legitimate interests of minors, the legal status of the child, the system of guarantees for the implementation and protection of the rights of minors, commissioners for children’s rights

Journal rubric: Safety and Law

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/ssc.2022030103

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-02 dated 08.04.2022 “Scientific and methodological support for the development and testing of a unified professional development program for specialists in the field of protection of children’s rights, guardianship and guardianship (including heads of guardianship and guardianship authorities, UPR offices in the subjects of the Russian Federation (with testing for at least 700 people from all subjects of the Russian Federation)”.

Received: 04.11.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Lichkovakha A.V. The Role of the Commissioner for Children’s Rights in the System of State Guarantees for the Protection of the Rights and Legitimate Interests of Minors [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial’nye nauki i detstvo = Social Sciences and Childhood, 2022. Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 36–51. DOI: 10.17759/ssc.2022030103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

1. Avak’yan S.A. Konstitutsionnyi leksikon: Gosudarstvenno-pravovoi terminologicheskii slovar’ [Constitutional lexicon: State-legal terminological dictionary] eds. S.A. Avak’yan. Moscow: Yustitsin­form, 2015. 178 p. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Anna V. Lichkovakha, PhD in Law, Adviser to the Department for Ensuring the Activities of the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child under the President, Russian Federal State Institution “Staff of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3209-4040, e-mail: Lichkovaha@mail.ru

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