Communicating Connotative Characteristics of Significant Work Situations Using Idiomatic Expressions



There are still no well-developed taxonomies of contextual and situational characteristics. We assume that important contextual characteristics are refl ected in idiomatic expressions. Th e aim of the research is to fi nd out how well situations translated only with idioms are similarly understood by diff erent people. To achieve this aim, the semantic diff erential method is used. Results show that diff erent people similarly understand situations described only by the means of idioms; hence idioms can be eff ective for the explication of contextual characteristics.

General Information

Keywords: context, significant work situation, idioms, semantic differentia

Journal rubric: General Psychology, Personality Psychology, History of Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Lvova O.V. Communicating Connotative Characteristics of Significant Work Situations Using Idiomatic Expressions. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2016. no. 2, pp. 38–46. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


Cappelli P., Sherer P. D. The missing role of context in OB — the need for a meso-level approach. Research in organizational behavior, 1991, vol. 13, pp. 55–110.

Morgeson F. P., Dierdorff E. C., Hmurovic J. L. Work design in situ: Understanding the role of occupational and organizational context. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2010, vol. 31, no. 2–3, pp. 351–360.

Manichev S. A. Organizatsionnyi kontekst priniatiia upravlencheskikh reshenii [Organizational context of managerial decision-making]. Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Ser. 16, 2015, vyp. 1, pp. 55–62. (In Russian)

Funder D. C. Personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 2001, vol. 52, pp. 197–221.

Johns G. The essential impact of context on organizational behavior. Academy of Management Review, 2006, vol. 31, pp. 386–408.

Keith W. M. Review of: Communication at a distance: Th e influence of print on socio-cultural evolution and change. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 1994, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 229–232.

Yang Y., Read S. J., Miller L. C. A taxonomy of situations from Chinese idioms. Journal of Research in Personality, 2006, vol. 40, pp. 750–778.

Goldberg L. R. An alternative «description of personality»: the big-five factor structure. Journal of personality and social psychology, 1990, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 1216–1229.

L'vova O. V., Allakhverdov M. V. Leksicheskii podkhod k vydeleniiu parametrov organizatsionnogo konteksta [Lexical approach to explication of organizational context]. Psikhologiia XXI veka: akademicheskoe proshloe i budushchee [Psychology of the XXI century: academic past and future]. Saint-Petersburg, Skifi aPrint Publ., 2015, pp. 114–116. (In Russian)

Baranov A. N., Dobrovolsky D. O., Kiseleva K. L., Koserenko A. D., Vosnesenskaya M. M., Korobova M. M. Slovar'-tezaurus sovremennoi russkoi idiomatiki: okolo 8000 idiom sovremennogo russkogo iazyka [Dictionary of modern Russian idiomatic expressions: about 8000 idioms of modern Russian language]. Eds A. N. Baranov, D. O. Dobrovol'sky. In-trus. iaz. im. V. V. Vinogradova RAN. Moscow, Mir entsiklopedii Avanta+, 2007. 1135 p. (In Russian)

Petrenko V. F. Osnovy psikhosemantiki [Basics of psychosemantics]. 2-e izd., dop. Saint Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2005. 480 p. (In Russian)

Artem'eva E. Iu. Osnovy psikhologii sub"ektivnoi semantiki [Basics of psychology of subjective semantics]. Ed. by I. B. Khanina. Moscow, Smisl Publ, 1999. 350 p. (In Russian)

Bentler P. M., LaVoie A. L. An extension of semantic space. Journal of verbal learning and verbal behavior, 1972, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 174–182.

Information About the Authors

Olga V. Lvova, posrgraduate student, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: