The Definition of «Healthy Lifestyle» in Psychological Research

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Abstract

Article is devoted to the theoretical understanding of the “healthy lifestyle” in psychological research. The analysis of definitions of the “healthy lifestyle” of scientific literature is carried out; approaches in his definition and the main features are allocated. Approaches to the studying of a healthy lifestyle in foreign researchers are considered. It is revealed that along with the concept of “healthy lifestyle”, the concept of “self-preservation behavior” is actively used in domestic studies, and often as synonymous. The aim of the article was to correlate the term of “healthy lifestyle” and “self-preservation behavior” in the context of health psychology, allocated their similarities and differences. A number of definitions of “self-preservation behavior” are given. It is shown that in foreign studies the term “self-preservation behavior” is used in the study of professional groups in the context of the attitude to their health; in domestic psychology as behavior-oriented health and prevention of diseases. The analysis revealed a close connection between the term of “healthy lifestyle” and “self-preservation behavior”, which together direct human activity towards the strengthening and development of individual and public health, but their identification is not quite correct. It is shown that “self-preservation behavior” is an integral element of a healthy lifestyle. The term of “healthy lifestyle” is broader than “self-preservation behavior”, and can be defined as a set of external and internal conditions of human life, contributing to the longer operation of all systems of the body, as well as a set of actions aimed at preserving and promoting health (self-preservation behavior), and the harmonious development of the person.

General Information

Keywords: health psychology, lifestyle, healthy lifestyle, health (self-preservation) behavior, health

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology of Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Petrash M.D., Murtazina I.R. The Definition of «Healthy Lifestyle» in Psychological Research. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 152–165. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Marina D. Petrash, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4542-7289, e-mail: m.petrash@spbu.ru

Inna R. Murtazina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2204-4376, e-mail: i.r.myrtazina@spbu.ru

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