B.G.Ananyev’s Forecasts and Modern Psychology Trends

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Abstract

B.G.Ananyev’s forecasts about the future of psychology in connection with modern models of the development of psychological science and practice are discussed. The relevance of a primary number of forecasts of B.G.Ananyev is emphasized. Achievements, prospects, and problems of the movement of psychological knowledge of the development trajectories designated by it are shown. Regarding the discussion of the forecast about an increase in the status of psychology in the general system of scientific knowledge it is told about signs of its correctness, but also about risks of a breinization and technologization of a subject of psychology, threat of loss of its originality in cross-disciplinary researches. The forecast for the Вестник СПбГУ. Психология и педагогика. 2018. Т. 8. Вып. 3 269 creation of the new theory of psyche and consciousness, including the development of the system of “mental elements” is considered. Dialogical processes in the interaction of schools, approaches, paradigms in psychology are noted. At the same time difficulties in the creation of integrated mental models are specified. In the discussion of the forecast about the expansion of work of psychological services questions of an institutionalizing, substantial validity and ethical safety of psychological practice which solution is important for overcoming a critical spirit in society concerning psychological services are brought up. In this regard ambiguity of forecasts about the creation of a scientific basis of the design of the personality and about use of achievements of psychology for forecasting of future person is shown. Their embodiment demands from a psychological community of support on knowledge of regularities, reserves, and resources of human development for the offer to society of socially productive projects of personal development not compatible with social manipulation. The attention is drawn to the implementation of forecasts about the enrichment of developments in the field of intelligence: human and artificial. Along with the advantages of a technological intensification of development of science risks of technocratic reductionism in a knowledge of the person, overcoming the nature of “kiborgization” of the person are discussed. It is a specified discrepancy of the orientation of the development of natural intelligence, aggravation of intellectual stratification in the modern world.

General Information

Keywords: Boris Gerasimovich Ananyev, forecast, future of psychology, tendency, problem, risks, achievements

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Shchukina M.A. B.G.Ananyev’s Forecasts and Modern Psychology Trends. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 258–270. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

M. A. Shchukina, Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of General and Differential Psychology, St. Petersburg State Institute of Psychology and Social Work, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: corr5@mail.ru