Manifestation of Civic Position in the Context of the Development of Ego-Identity in Early and Late Adolescence



Socio-political changes in the world actualize one of the most significant social roles of every person — the citizen. Modern youth are gradually joining the socially active part of the population. This article briefly presents the view of foreign researchers on the development of citizenship from childhood. It also describes the results of the research, the aim of which is to study the characteristics of civic position in early and late adulthood. In this case, the subject’s ego-identity status is taken into account. The main research method is an ascertaining experiment using methods aimed at establishing the status of ego-identity of boys and girls. The study involved 729 people (217 boys and 512 girls) aged 14–24 years. The main hypotheses of the study were the following assumptions. As they grow older, the statuses of the general ego identity are replaced by higher ones. The level of formation of civic position is partly contained in the level of personal identity: a high level of civic position correlates to high indicators of general ego-identity. According to the results of the experiment, the hypotheses are confirmed. In addition, gender differences were found in the studied indicators. This study can serve as a basis for further exploration of the topics of civic position, social maturity and activity. In the future, it is possible to create social programs aimed at raising the level of political consciousness and involvement of young people in social activities.

General Information

Keywords: civic position, ego identity, civic engagement, social maturity

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article


Received: 21.02.2021


For citation: Emelianova E.A. Manifestation of Civic Position in the Context of the Development of Ego-Identity in Early and Late Adolescence. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 250–264. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2021.304. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


Adelson, J., O’Neil, R. (1966). Growth of political ideas in adolescence: The sense of community. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4, 295–306.

Information About the Authors

Elizaveta A. Emelianova, Lecturer, Department Named After Prof. L.F. Obukhova, Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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