The Role of Attitudes towards Authoritarianism and Social Trust in the Manifestations of Civic and On-Line Activity

87

Abstract

Attitudes towards authoritarianism, social dominance, social competition and social trust are important regulators of social behavior. Therefore, correlating attitudes with commitment to various forms of activity is an important step towards understanding and specifying their role in behavior. The purpose of the study is to identify the role of attitudes towards authoritarianism and social trust in the manifestations of civic and on-line activity of Russian youth. Participants. The study involved young people aged 17-35 years (average age M=21.8; SD=6.2) in the number of 442 people (men - 33.5%, women - 66.5%). The sample is representative of the provincial regions of central Russia of economically different strata. Methods. The forms of social activity were measured using direct scaling, the types of activity were determined based on factor analysis. To determine the settings, the J. Dakkit’s scale was used in D.S. Grigoriev's adaptation. Indicators of trust are determined using the Scale of interpersonal trust of J. Rotter in the adaptation of I.Y. Leonova, I.N. Leonova. Correlations have been established between indicators of right-wing authoritarianism, institutional trust with commitment to civic (positive) and Internet network (negative) activity; belief in a competitive world — with a commitment to civic (positive) and protest (negative) activity. As a result of structural modeling, the hypothesis about the direct effect (directed connection) of right-wing authoritarianism and belief in a competitive world on commitment to civic and Internet network activity is confirmed. The role of different attitudes in adherence to certain types of activity varies. Their isolated contribution to activity can reach 16-19%, together with age, religiosity and trust - 19-26% of variations. Trust plays the role of a mediator of a direct connection between attitudes and activity, and at the same time, right-wing authoritarianism also plays the role of a mediator of a direct causal connection between age, subjective religiosity and civic and Internet network activity.

General Information

Keywords: social activity, attitudes to authoritarianism, social trust, civic engagement, online activity

Journal rubric: Psychology of Digital Reality

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2023160207

Funding. The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) within the framework of scientific project No. 18-18-00298.

Received: 27.03.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Shamionov R.M., Bocharova E.E., Nevsky E.V., Suzdaltsev N.V., Akaemova Yu.A. The Role of Attitudes towards Authoritarianism and Social Trust in the Manifestations of Civic and On-Line Activity. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 101–120. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2023160207. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Rail M. Shamionov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Social Psychology of Education and Development, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8358-597X, e-mail: shamionov@mail.ru

Еlena Е. Bocharova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Psychology of Education and Development, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7814-1581, e-mail: bocharova-e@mail.ru

Egor V. Nevsky, researcher of the Department of Social Psychology of Education and Development, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6785-827X, e-mail: nevskye00@gmail.com

Nikita V. Suzdaltsev, Researcher of the Department of Social Psychology of Education and Development, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3419-2998, e-mail: nvgulkosaratov@gmail.com

Yulia A. Akaemova, PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Psychology of Education and Development, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2633-2682, e-mail: akaemova.yulia@yandex.ru

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