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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Ruminative Thinking in Chronic Depression: Concept and Validity of Measures 674

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Pugovkina O.D.
PhD in Psychology, Chair of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Clinical and Counseling Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2878-9843
e-mail: olgapugovkina@yandex.ru

Syrokvashina A.D.
graduate student, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0691-0892
e-mail: asyrokvashina@gmail.com

Istomin M.A.
Medical Psychologist, Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Сare, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5713-3766
e-mail: stominmikhailan@gmail.com

Kholmogorova A.B.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199
e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

Abstract
Despite large amount of empirical evidence in support of rumination as a risk factor of depression onset and chronification, theoretical foundations of ruminative thinking are still being discussed. This includes the issue of so-called constructive, or reflec¬tive, ruminations. Objective: This study gives a theoretical review of different views on rumination, empirically tests the idea of constructive and non-constructive rumi¬native thinking, and tests the validity of the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS, Rus sian version) [38]. Study design: We conducted a factor analysis of adapted RRS, as well as an intercorrelational analysis of this scale, Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-r), and the COPE Inventory; hypotheses were tested in a general population group (n=476) and two clinical groups (patients with depressive disorders, n=53, and patients with different diagnoses with recent suicide attempts, n=41). Results: Our theoretical review examines ruminative thinking as a dysfunctional coping strategy (E. Watkins) from the perspective of the structural-dynamic model of thinking in the course of creative problem-solving (V. Zaretsky, A. Kholmogorova). Rumination is conceptualized as getting stuck «in a loop» at certain levels of organization of cognitive processes, which substitutes motivation focus on actual problem solving. The resulting four-factor structure of RRS has good psychometric properties and strong correla¬tions with different psychopathological symptoms and dysfunctional coping strategies (namely, psychological and behavioral avoidance and venting negative emotions); these correlations are found in all resulting factors but one, which implies that it may have a special status. Conclusion: The Russian version of RRS shows good preliminary psychometric characteristics and is viable for practical purposes. The idea of construc¬tive rumination discussed in literature has not been confirmed empirically. ¬

Keywords: rumination, chronification, depressive disorders, cognitive factors, four-level organization of thinking model, coping strategies, reflection

Column: Empirical Studies

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2021290307

For Reference

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