Psychological Resources of the Individual when Living Life Situations of Varying Degrees of Uncertainty

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Abstract

Objective. The study of the psychological resources’ specifics of persons experiencing life challenges with varying degrees of uncertainty.
Context and relevance. Uncertainty is a fundamental characteristic of the modern world. Any life situation has a certain degree of uncertainty and contributes to the activation of psychological resources of the individual, on which the success of coping depends.
Research Design. The paper analyzes the types of life challenges, identifies groups of people who differently assess the degree of life challenges’ uncertainty and studies the specifics of the severity of psychological resources (emotional, motivational, instrumental, sustainability resources) depending on the degree of life challenges’ uncertainty.
Participants. The study involved 1248 people aged 18 to 76 years (31,09 ± 12,59), including 297 (23,8%) men, 175 (14,0%) persons with disabilities.
Methods. A socio-biographic questionnaire with an open question about an actual difficult life situation (TS), which needed to be evaluated on a 10-point Likert scale: 1) the level of its complexity; 2) the intensity of the emotions accompanying it. "Subjective assessment of a difficult life situation" (E.V. Bityutskaya, A.A. Korneev); Resilience test (E.N. Osin, E.I. Rasskazova); Self-activation technique (M.A. Odintsova, N.P. Radchikova); COPE technique (E.I. Rasskazova, T.O. Gordeeva, E.N. Osin).
Results. Seven types of challenges are experienced as life situations with varying degrees of uncertainty. Respondents more often attribute the global challenge as a very complex and complex situations of uncertainty; the challenge of loss – as a complex situations. The challenge of illness, the challenge of relationships, the challenge of material difficulties in about forty percent of cases are assessed as very difficult situations of uncertainty and about a third – as complex or simple. The challenge to self-design and the challenge of professional activity are more often assessed either as very complex situations of uncertainty, or as simple. Very complex and complex situations of uncertainty are assessed as less controllable, complex ones as the most intractable.
Conclusions. Psychological resources in situations of varying degrees of uncertainty are emotional experiences, resilience, self-activation and various coping styles. The lower the degree of uncertainty of the life situation, the more pronounced are the resources of resilience and self-activation.

General Information

Keywords: challenge; degree of uncertainty; difficult life situations; emotional experiences; resilience; self-activation; coping strategies; psychological resources

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2023140410

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation (RSCF), project number 22-28-00820 (Psychological resources of socially vulnerable groups in the face of modern challenges (on the example of people with disabilities and their families), https://www.rscf.ru/project/22-28-00820/.

Received: 13.09.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Odintsova M.A., Lubovsky D., Kuzmina E.I. Psychological Resources of the Individual when Living Life Situations of Varying Degrees of Uncertainty. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 156–177. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2023140410. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Maria A. Odintsova, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3106-4616, e-mail: mari505@mail.ru

Dmitry Lubovsky, PhD in Psychology, Professor of the UNESCO Department “Cultural and Historical Psychology of Childhood”, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7392-4667, e-mail: lubovsky@yandex.ru

Elena I. Kuzmina, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3488-2622, e-mail: kuzminaei@mgppu.ru

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