The Relationship between Children's Knowledge of Time and the Formation of Universal Learning Activities in a Digital Environment



The ability to understanding time, including perception of time, identification of events, knowledge of temporal units and the ability to use them, is interconnected both with general intelligence and with specific cognitive indicators (in particular working memory, vocabulary and mathematical competences) of children and adults. Of interest to educational psychology is the study of learning-related cognitive competencies and children's knowledge of time. The purpose of this study was to investigate the specifics of the relationship between children's knowledge about time, intelligence level, and universal learning activities (ULA). Students in grades 1-4 in Moscow (N=31) took part in the study. A modified questionnaire by F.Labrel et al. in the Russian language adaptation by A. Solodkova was used to analyze the level of children's knowledge of time. The level of the formation of ULA was diagnosed using the PL-Modified digital technique. Intelligence was measured with the Raven test (SPM+). The results of the research show that children's knowledge of time correlates both with their intellectual development and with the level of the formation of the planning ULA. At the same time, data were obtained on a positive relationship between children's knowledge of time and the planning skills independent of intellectual abilities.

General Information

Keywords: time knowledge, universal learning activities, digital environment, intelligence, time knowledge questionnaire, elementary school children

Article type: scientific article

Funding. The reported study was funded by Ministry of Science and Education of the Russian Federation, topic: "The study of cognitive and communicative processes in adolescents and young men in solving game and learning tasks in digital environments".

For citation: Shepeleva E.A., Solodkova A.V. The Relationship between Children's Knowledge of Time and the Formation of Universal Learning Activities in a Digital Environment. Digital Humanities and Technology in Education (DHTE 2022): Collection of Articles of the III All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation. November 17-18, 2022 / V.V. Rubtsov, M.G. Sorokova, N.P. Radchikova (Eds). Moscow: Publishing house MSUPE, 2022., pp. 274–281.


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Information About the Authors

Elena A. Shepeleva, PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Fellow of the Sector "Center for Cognitive Research of the Digital Educational Environment" CIRCC, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Anna V. Solodkova, PhD Student, Chair of Developmental Psychology, Department of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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