Adaptive Testing System with Repetition According to Ebbinghaus Theory



This article discusses the history of the development of tests and the advantages and disadvantages of various testing systems, among which electronic, dialogic and adaptive are mentioned. It also provides a justification for the need for further development of this area of education from the perspective of pedagogy. The main emphasis in the work is on those innovations that, within the framework of only theoretical discussion or on the basis of practical implementation, were proposed for use by numerous researchers from the field of testology. Generally, most of proposals are initially opposed to each other, but few have tried to combine the various concepts in the operation of testing systems. But it is precisely in this way that you can obtain a completely unique product that can most effectively perform the main functions of classical control and educational tests. It is especially useful to combine these systems with the theory of forgetting by Hermann Ebbinghaus, who is at the origins of testology, among other things. This subject became the foundation for the following results: a detailed description of the adaptive testing system with Ebbinghaus repetition was developed. The description includes the user side of the program, possible settings aimed at increasing its ease of use, as well as settings that are necessary for high-quality work. There is also a general technical description that declares both functionality and limitations and possible directions for further development of the project. The article ends with a list of advantages compared to analogues, as well as disadvantages compared to the potential of the proposed technology.

General Information

Keywords: pedagogy, testing, forgetting curve, adaptive testing system, fuzzy sets, recommendation system, educational software

Publication rubric: Intelligent Technologies in Humanities and Education

Article type: theses

For citation: Mecler E.V. Adaptive Testing System with Repetition According to Ebbinghaus Theory. Digital Humanities and Technology in Education (DHTE 2023),, pp. 349–366.

Information About the Authors

Egor V. Mecler, second year student of the faculty of Math, Physics and Informatics, South Ural State Humanitarian and Pedagogical University, Chelyabinsk, Russia, e-mail:



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