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Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology
Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education
Publisher: Saint Petersburg University
ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607
ISSN (online): 2658-6010
Published since 2011
4 issues per year
Free of fees
Open Access Journal
Assessment of Emotional and Behavioural Problems Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using the CBCL/1½-5 124
Pleshkova N. L.
PhD in Psychology, St.Petersburg, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Stavropol, Russia
Psychologist, Stavropol Clinical Psychiatric Hospital no. 1, Stavropol, Russia
The article presents the results of a study of emotional and behavioural features of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL/1.-5). The use of this instrument to assess behavioural disorders and as a screening method in children with autism spectrum disorder is a new area of its application. Studies conducted previously in Europe, the USA, and South Korea have demonstrated that the DSM-Pervasive Development Problems and Withdrawal scales are the most sensitive in detecting autism spectrum disorder at the preschool age. We have not found any studies performed on a Russian sample of children in which behavioural features were studied using the CBCL/1.-5 method in children with ASD. Participants of the study included 28 children with ASD (average age: 52,9 Å} 8,7 months) who were diagnosed by a psychiatrist during examination in the Stavropol Clinical Psychiatric Hospital №1 and 29 typically developed children aged (average age: 35,8 +/- 9,4). Behavioural features of children were investigated by using the Children Behaviour Check List CBCL/1.-5. The results indicated that in the group of children with autism spectrum disorder, indicators on the DSM-Pervasive Development Problems and Withdrawal scales are at a clinical level of severity. Compared with typically developing children, the ASD sample had significantly high scores for DSM-Pervasive Development Problems, DSM — Affective Problems, DSM — Attention Deficit /Hyperactivity, DSM Oppositional Defiant Problems scales and syndromes Emotionally Reactive, Somatic Complaints, Withdrawal, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behaviour Withdrawal scales. There was no correlation found between the frequency of exceeding critical indicators of manifestations in regard to violations of communication with the sex of children, level of education and marital status of mothers, and the number of children in families in both groups.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, CBCL/1½-5, behaviour problems, preschoolers
Funding. The research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant no. 19-013-00285).
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