Влияние динамики содержания стереотипов о себе на межгрупповые отношения

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Аннотация

Цель. Разработка комплексной модели межгрупповых отношений путем интеграции двух различных концепций: формирования стереотипов о себе и стереотипов о других. Контекст и актуальность. Современное понимание межгруппового поведения прочно основано на концепциях, связанных со стереотипами. Очевидно, в литературе доминируют два подхода к изучению влияния стереотипов на межгрупповые отношения. Первый подход фокусируется на влиянии стереотипа доминирующей группы на межгрупповые отношения, тогда как второй подход фокусируется на изучении воздействия стереотипов о себе как о жертвах этих стереотипов. Кроме того, стереотипы о себе в группах меньшинств считаются производными от стереотипов доминирующих групп. В результате преобладающие подходы не рассматривают динамику стереотипа о себе и ее влияние на межгрупповые отношения. В статье утверждается, что этиологию межгруппового поведения можно лучше понять, рассматривая точки зрения взаимодействующих групп. Методология. Системный подход к обзору литературы, рассматривающей стереотипы о других и о себе, и метод интегративного анализа для разработки нового подхода. Вывод. Межгрупповые отношения предполагают взаимодействие двух или более групп, у каждой из которых имеются стереотипы относительно своей собственной группы и внешней группы. В этой статье утверждается, что этиология межгруппового поведения не может быть адекватно понята без знания системы убеждений взаимодействующих групп. Исходя из этого, объединены исследования стереотипов о себе и стереотипов о других. Комплексное рассмотрение динамики содержания/валентности стереотипов о себе членов группы меньшинств, с одной стороны, и стереотипов доминирующих групп — с другой, позволяет прогнозировать различные формы поведения членов групп, которые возникают во время межгруппового взаимодействия. Объединение этих двух подходов, по- видимому, обеспечивает наиболее адекватное объяснение сложной природы межгруппового поведения.

Общая информация

Ключевые слова: стереотипы о себе, стереотипы о других, межгрупповое поведение

Рубрика издания: Теоретические исследования

Тип материала: научная статья

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2021120202

Для цитаты: Дауд А.М., Омар Ф.Ю., Цукур Д.С. Влияние динамики содержания стереотипов о себе на межгрупповые отношения // Социальная психология и общество. 2021. Том 12. № 2. С. 23–40. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2021120202

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Информация об авторах

Дауд Ахмед М., PhD, преподаватель, университет Джигджига, Джигджига, Эфиопия, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3030-7017, e-mail: 165222404@ybu.edu.tr

Омар Факих Ю.К., PhD, преподаватель, Колледж Аль-Мановара, Момбаза, Кения, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0844-6405, e-mail: 165222405@ybu.edu.tr

Цукур Джем Сафар, PhD, профессор, заведующий кафедрой психологии, Университет Анкары Йилдирим Беязит, Анкара, Турция, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0213-489X, e-mail: cemsafak@yahoo.com

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