A Comprehensive Model of Interpersonal Relations as a Theoretical Basis for their Study in Adolescents with Deviant Behavior

1820

Abstract

This article describes an original comprehensive model where various aspects of interpersonal relations are presented in interconnected manner. Traditionally these aspects are studied in different psychological areas: object representations — images of self and significant others (intrapsychic aspect), motivation of communication (dynamic aspect) and the actual social relations (interpsychic aspect). The proposed model was empirically studied in a research on interpersonal relations of adolescents. Sixty seven adolescents with deviant behavior from socially disadvantaged families and enrolled in special schools and 60 adolescents from socially successful families and enrolled in regular schools participated in the study. The methodic complex is described and results of the study on relation between the aspects of interpersonal communication and emotional well-being of adolescents are presnted. The significant associations between the images of parental figures, representations of one's self and the communication motivation structure (motives of acceptance and rejection), social connections and level of emotional well-being of adolescents are shown. The comprehensive approach to the correctional work on building the interpersonal relationships of adolescents with deviant behavior is reasoned. This approach takes into account the negative nature of object representations and prevalence of fear of rejection in communication in these adolescents.

General Information

Keywords: interpersonal relations, object representations, communication motivation, social support, social network, adolescence, deviant behavior, socially disadvantaged families, psychocorrectional work

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kholmogorova A.B., Smirnova N.S. A Comprehensive Model of Interpersonal Relations as a Theoretical Basis for their Study in Adolescents with Deviant Behavior. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2009. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 94–99. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Dozorceva E. G. Anomal'noe razvitie lichnosti u podrostkov s protivopravnym povedeniem. M., 2004.
  2. Dozorceva E. G. Psihologicheskaya travma u podrostkov s problemami v povedenii. Diagnostika i korrekciya. M., 2007.
  3. Zareckii V. K. Refleksivnodeyatel'nostnyi podhod v rabote s det'mi, imeyushimi trudnosti v obuchenii // Pedagogicheskaya psihologiya / Pod red. I. Yu. Kulaginoi. M., 2008.
  4. Oshevskii D. S. Psihicheskoe razvitie podrostkov s psihicheskimi rasstroistvami, sovershivshih agressivno nasil'stvennye pravonarusheniya (psihologicheskii aspekt) // Avtoref. dis. ... kand. psihol. nauk. M., 2006.
  5. Polkunova E. V., Holmogorova A. B. Roditel'skie reprezentacii u bol'nyh depressivnymi rasstroistvami // Aktual'nye problemy klinicheskoi psihologii v sovremennom zdravoohranenii / Pod red. S. I. Blohinoi, G. A. Glotovoi. Ekaterinburg, 2004.
  6. Psihologicheskie testy / Pod red. A. A. Karelina: V 2 t. M., 2002.
  7. Smirnova N. S., Holmogorova A. B. Interpersonal'nye otnosheniya podrostkov iz social'no neblagopoluchnyh semei: rezul'taty empiricheskogo issledovaniya // Defektologiya. 2007. № 6.
  8. Hekhauzen H. Motivaciya i deyatel'nost' / Pod red. B. M. Velichkovskogo. M., 1986.
  9. Holmogorova A. B., Smirnova N. S. Interpersonal'nye otnosheniya podrostkov iz social'no neblagopoluchnyh semei: sostoyanie problemy, metody issledovaniya // Defektologiya. 2007. № 5.
  10. Holmogorova A. B., Smirnova N. S. Obrazy znachimyh figur kak regulyatory interpersonal'nyh otnoshenii i emocional'nogo sostoyaniya u podrostkov iz social'no neblagopoluchnyh semei // Defektologiya. 2009. № 1.
  11. Holmogorova A. B., Garanyan N. G., Petrova G. A. Social'naya podderzhka i psihicheskoe zdorov'e // Psihologiya: sovremennye napravleniya mezhdisciplinarnyh issledovanii: Materialy nauch. konf., posvyashennoi pamyati chlenakorr. RAN A. V. Brushlinskogo, 8 sentyabrya 2002 g. / Otv. red. A. V. Zhuravlev, N. V. Tarabrina. M., 2003.
  12. Bowlby J. Attachment and Loss: Loss, Sadness and Depression. N. Y., 1980.
  13. Kovacs M., Akiskal H. S., Gatsonic C. Childhood onset dysthymic disorder: Clinical features and prospective out come // Archives of General Psychiatry, 1994.
  14. Sommer G., Fydrich T. Soziale unterstuetzung. Materialie, Dt. Ges. fuer Verhaltens therapy. Tuebigen, 1989.

Information About the Authors

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

Nina S. Smirnova, PhD in Psychology, Educational Psychologist, Special Secondary School № 9, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: s_nina@bk.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 5016
Previous month: 37
Current month: 16

Downloads

Total: 1820
Previous month: 6
Current month: 7