Rehabilitation Potential of Personality in Various Chronic Conditions

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Abstract

The paper presents data on general level and expression of components of rehabilitation potential of per¬sonality in such chronic conditions as gastrointestinal and cardiovascular diseases, cancer, HIV/AIDS. It is stated that rehabilitation potential is closely connected with some other personality resources that promote a better rehabilitation and readaptation of patients, e.g. existential fulfillment, optimism, activity, vitality. The paper describes features of rehabilitation potential (in particular, its component — the inner picture of disease) and of several personality dispositions observed in various chronic conditions. As it was revealed, personality resources are most evident in young and middle-aged individuals with gastrointestinal diseases and least evi¬dent in their peers living with HIV/AIDS. Also, a correlation was found between the decrease of personality potential and chemical addiction in persons with HIV/AIDS. Finally, the paper describes a special technique that was developed by the authors in order to define the general index of rehabilitation potential and those of its components — motivational, emotional, self-evaluative communicative components and the inner picture of disease.

General Information

Keywords: personality resources, disease, rehabilitation potential of personality, inner picture of illness, existential fulfillment, activity, optimism, vitality

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2015110107

For citation: Kulagina I.Y., Senkevich L.V. Rehabilitation Potential of Personality in Various Chronic Conditions . Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2015. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 50–60. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2015110107. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irina Y. Kulagina, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3095-4329, e-mail: kulaginaiu@mgppu.ru

Lyudmila V. Senkevich, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, chair of social, general and clinical psychology, faculty of psychology, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: lvsenkevich@mail.ru

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