Online and Offline Behavior: Does one Predict Another?



The aim of the paper is to analyze the relationship between online and offline behavior by using the online disinhibition effect as an example. A person behaves differently online in comparison with the same situations offline. The two forms of disinhibition are discussed: 1) benign or positive disinhibition, when a person shares very personal information, reveals his secrets, fears, does not hide his emotional state, his experiences, he tries to help the other, showing extreme generosity and care 2) toxic or negative disinhibition — when a person shows rudeness towards the other, expresses sharp criticism or even threats, visits the sites, the content of which is very difficult to understand. Appealing to constructs such as deindividuation, reduced social cues, self-awareness — sheds light on the online disinhibition effect and allows us to talk about how behavior on the network relates towards offline behavior.

General Information

Keywords: online and offline behavior, online disinhibition effect, deindividuation, norms, social representations

Journal rubric: Discussions and Discourses

Article type: scientific article


Funding. This article is a part of the research project “Development of a model for profiling online behavior of minors in social networks” financed by MSUPE.

For citation: Bovina I.B., Dvoryanchikov N.V. Online and Offline Behavior: Does one Predict Another?. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2020. Vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 98–108. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2020160410. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Inna B. Bovina, Doctor of Psychology, Research Director, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Nikolay V. Dvoryanchikov, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Dean, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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