Pathology of Thinking in Schizophrenia: A Neurolinguistic Approach to the Study of Impairment of the Generalization Process

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Abstract

The study attempts to present a critical review of certain problems in pathopsychological investigaton of operational thought disorders and to outline the possible ways for its further development. We compare the differences in approaches to the analysis of pathology of thinking in schizophrenia presented in the classic works of L.S. Vygotsky and B.V. Zeigarnik. We argue that, when studying some of the thought disorders in schizophrenia, it may be more effective to revert to Vygotsky’s approach associated with the investigation of word meaning disturbances in the analysis of disorders of the generalization process. As a way to further develop this approach to the study of thought disorders in schizophrenia, we suggest exploring the perspectives of synthesizing various research areas that have stemed from cultural-historical psychology. Basing on the analysis of Russian neurolinguistic studies of word meaning impairment, we propose two possible directions for studying the psychological and brain mechanisms of operational disorders of thinking.

General Information

Keywords: pathopsychology, thought disorder, schizophrenia, decrease in the level of generalization, distortion of the generalization process, word meaning impairment

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2020160406

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number №20- 013-00772.

For citation: Gornushenkov I.D., Pluzhnikov I.V. Pathology of Thinking in Schizophrenia: A Neurolinguistic Approach to the Study of Impairment of the Generalization Process. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2020. Vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 56–62. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2020160406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Ivan D. Gornushenkov, Student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7718-1626, e-mail: gornushenkov.i.d@gmail.com

Ilya V. Pluzhnikov, PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Mental Health Research Center, Head of the Department of Adult Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Clinical Psychology Department, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6323-0976, e-mail: pluzhnikov.iv@gmail.com

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