Studies on Academic Resilience of Migrant Children: Analysis and Prospects



This article aims to analyze foreign and Russian studies on the academic resilience of migrant children. It provides the main definitions of the concept and discusses the existing methods of measuring academic resilience, their possibilities and limitations, and prospects for further research. Subjective and objective criteria for identifying "academically resilient" students are analyzed. Various factors influencing the manifestation of resilience by migrant children are considered. It is shown that the presence of external support, combined with the ability to ask for it and to accept it, has a positive effect on academic achievements. At the same time, such internal factors as self-efficacy, assertiveness, internal locus of control, high motivation and ambitious goals make a significant contribution to ensuring high academic performance even under unfavorable living conditions of a migrant child.

General Information

Keywords: academic resilience, migrant children, socioeconomic status, adaptation, academic results, motivation

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The study was carried out as part of the implementation of the state task of the Moscow State Pedagogical University for 2021.

Received: 01.11.2021


For citation: Khukhlaev O.E., Khakimov E.R., Fomicheva A.E. Studies on Academic Resilience of Migrant Children: Analysis and Prospects. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2021. Vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 117–127. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2021170413. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Tovar Garcia E.D. Immigrantskoe proishozhdenie ili assertivnost’? Poisk kljuchevyh faktorov obrazovatel’nyh dostizhenij detej migrantov [Immigrant background or assertiveness? Search for Key Factors of Educational Achievements of Migrant Children]. Psihologija. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki = Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2018. Vol. 15, no. 2. pp. 326—345. DOI:10.17323/1813-8918-2018-2-326-345 (In Russ.).
  2. Bonanno G.A. Loss, Trauma, and Human Resilience: Have We Underestimated the Human Capacity to Thrive After Extremely Aversive Events? The American psychologist, 2004. Vol.59, no. 1, pp. 101—113. DOI:10.1037/0003- 066X.59.1.20
  3. Borman G.D., Overman L.T. Academic Resilience in Mathematics among Poor and Minority Students. The Elementary School Journal, 2004. Vol. 104, no 3, pp. 177—195. DOI:10.1086/499748
  4. De Feyter J.J., Parada M.D., Hartman S.C., Curby T.W., Winsler A. The early academic resilience of children from low-income, immigrant families. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2020. Vol. 51, pp. 446—461. DOI:10.1016/j. ecresq.2020.01.001
  5. Gabrielli G., Longobardi S., Strozza S. The academic resilience of native and immigrant-origin students in selected European countries. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2021. DOI:10.1080/1369183X.2021.1935657 (Accessed: 22.10.2021).
  6. Garmezy N. Resilience in children’s adaptation to negative life events and stressed environments. Pediatric Annals, 1991. Vol. 20, pp. 459—466. DOI:10.3928/0090-4481- 19910901-05
  7. Kamaev A., Tovar Garcia E.D. Educational achievements of migrant schoolchildren in Moscow, 2016. Available at: ssoar-46748-7 (Accessed: 22.10.2021).
  8. Luthar S.S. Vulnerability and resilience: A study of high-risk adolescents. Child Development, 1991. Vol. 62, pp. 600—616. DOI:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1991.tb01555.x.
  9. MacLeod S., Cutmore M., Martin A., Collie R., Donlevy V., Below S. Against the odds — Academically resilient students with a migration background and how they succeed, 2018 DOI:10.2766/642712
  10. Morales E.E. Academic Resilience in Retrospect: Following Up a Decade Later. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 2008. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 228—248. DOI:10.1177/1538192708317119
  11. Nachatar Singh J.K. Academic resilience among international students: lived experiences of postgraduate international students in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Education Review, 2020. Vol. 22. DOI:10.1007/s12564-020-09657-7
  12. Novotny J.S. Academic resilience: Academic success as possible compensatory mechanism of experienced adversities and various life disadvantages. New Educational Review, 2011. Vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 91—101. URL: volumes/tner_1_2011.pdf (Accessed: 22.10.2021)
  13. OECD 2011. Against the Odds: Disadvantaged Students Who Succeed in School. OECD Publishing, Paris, 2011. DOI:10.1787/9789264090873-en.
  14. OECD 2015. Helping immigrant students to succeed at school — and beyond, 2015. Available at: https://www.oecd. org/education/Helping-immigrant-students-to-succeed-at-school-and-beyond.pdf (Accessed 22.10.2021).
  15. OECD 2018. The Resilience of Students with an Immigrant Background: Factors that Shape Well-being. OECD Reviews of Migrant Education. OECD Publishing, Paris. 2018. DOI:10.1787/9789264292093-en (Accessed: 22.10.2021).
  16. Perez W., Espinoza R., Ramos K., Coronado H., Cortes R. Academic Resilience Among Undocumented Latino Students. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2009. Vol. 31, pp. 149—181. DOI:10.1177/0739986309333020.
  17. Schachner M.K., He J., Heizmann B., Van de Vijver F.J.R. Acculturation and School Adjustment of Immigrant Youth in Six European Countries: Findings from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). Frontiers in Psychology, 2017. Vol. 8, pp. 649. DOI:10.3389/ fpsyg.2017.00649
  18. Tovar Garcia E.D. Migration background and educational achievements in Russia. Migraciones Internationales, 2017. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 69—93. Available at: migra-9-01-00069.pdf (Accessed 22.10.2021)
  19. Turner M., Holdsworth S., Scott-Young C. Not drowning, waving. Resilience and university: a student perspective. Studies in Higher Education, 2017. Vol. 43, no. 11 10.1080/03075079.2017.1284193

Information About the Authors

Oleg E. Khukhlaev, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center, Acre, Israel, ORCID:, e-mail:

E. R. Khakimov, PhD in Education, Head, Education and Cultural Center Sippola, Sippola, Finland, ORCID:, e-mail:

Anastasiya E. Fomicheva, PhD in Psychology, Independent Researcher, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 646
Previous month: 11
Current month: 6


Total: 292
Previous month: 5
Current month: 2