Parent-child relationships as a factor of school bullying



The results present examination of schoolchildren of V—VIII grades from three Moscow schools. Regular or occasional bullying is experienced by more than 13% of participating children. Victims of bullying are more susceptible to verbal aggression from their peers. Appearance, behaviour, nationality, school achievements, — the factors that distinct the victims from their peers, — all may be a reason for bullying. Victims exhibit passive behaviours in bullying situations (try to ignore the situation, don’t tell about it, don’t seek for help, afraid of making the situation worse). Victims exhibit higher levels of depression, anxiety, more suicidal thoughts. The families of victims exhibit more problems in within-family communication, more formal control and critics toward children. Their mothers are less involved in the life of the kids and are less supportive.

General Information

Keywords: school bullying, pupils, depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, family, parent-child relationship, parental control, parental criticism

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Volikova S.V., Kalinkina E.A. Parent-child relationships as a factor of school bullying. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2015. Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 138–161. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2015230409. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Svetlana V. Volikova, PhD in Psychology, psychologist, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Assistant Professor at the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Ekaterina A. Kalinkina, Graduate of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy of the Faculty of Consultative and Clinical Psychology, Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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