Multi-Dimensional Model of the Zone of Proximal Development as a Way to Analyze the Dynamics of the Child’s Development in Learning Activity

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Abstract

This paper describes the possibility of using a multi-dimensional model of the zone of proximal development for a qualitative analysis of the cognitive-personal dynamics of a child’s development in the process of overcoming learning difficulties. The model was developed in the framework of the reflective activity approach to the provision of advisory assistance. The use of this model for analyzing the dynamics of the cognitive-personal development of a child makes it possible to establish “developmental steps” recorded as new formations in the cognitive abilities of the child and to determine the personal characteristics associated with the primary cognitive changes. A case of providing counseling psychological and pedagogical assistance by means of a reflective-activity approach was considered, the situation was assessed at the beginning of the counseling process and after 8 sessions, the main changes were reflected. To describe the initial and subsequent picture and the changes that occurred, a multi-dimensional model of the zone of proximal development was used.

General Information

Keywords: multi-dimensional model of the zone of proximal development, reflective-activity approach to providing counseling assistance, overcoming learning difficulties, cognitive-personal development of the child, counseling psychological and pedagogical assistance

Journal rubric: Philosophy, Anthropology, Culture

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2019270207

For citation: Zaretsky V.K., Nikolaevskaia I.A. Multi-Dimensional Model of the Zone of Proximal Development as a Way to Analyze the Dynamics of the Child’s Development in Learning Activity. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2019. Vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 95–113. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2019270207. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Victor K. Zaretsky, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8831-6127, e-mail: zaretskiyvk@mgppu.ru

Irina A. Nikolaevskaia, Senior Lecturer, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State Psychological & Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1057-2064, e-mail: nikolaevskayaia@mgppu.ru

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