Burnout Level in Medical Residents Doing Internship in Emergency Medicine Hospital before the Pandemic

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Abstract

The review of modern studies on the issue of professional burnout in young doctors and medical residents revealed the highest emotional distress in young residents doing internships in intensive care and emergency units. The paper presents the results of the study on 143 medical residents in the multi-profile hospital of emergency medicine. The methodical complex used included Maslach Burnout Inventory, Symptom Checklist‐90‐Revised (SCL-90-R) by L. Derogatis, and a survey on the attitude to professional troubles. Most young doctors pointed out the close relationship between problems with physical health and emotional wellbeing to their professional activity. The vast majority of the participants met the criteria for burnout, as indicated by high emotional exhaustion (69%) and depersonalization (85%) indications from the Maslach Inventory. Although most residents didn’t endorse any problems in communicating with the patients, their high level of depersonalization is more likely to attest to formalizing their relationships with the patients as opposed to having high social competence. The yielded results let us conclude that it is necessary to develop and implement into training programs for medical residents of the multi-profile hospital of emergency medicine programs promoting their communication competence, coping with distress, and preventing professional burnout.

General Information

Keywords: professional burnout of medical residents, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, professional successfulness, emotional distress, mental health

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280203

For citation: Matyushkina E.Y., Mikita O.Y., Kholmogorova A.B. Burnout Level in Medical Residents Doing Internship in Emergency Medicine Hospital before the Pandemic. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020. Vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 46–69. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2020280203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena Y. Matyushkina, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor at the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6027-1510, e-mail: Elena.matyushkina@gmail.com

Olesya Y. Mikita, PhD in Psychology, Head of Educational and Clinical Department, Researcher, Department of Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6697-1625, e-mail: mikita-o@yandex.ru

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

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