Psychological Features in Breast Cancer Patients, Depending on the Presence of Comorbid Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

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Abstract

The paper presents the results of a clinical-psychopathological and experimental psychological study carried out on 91 women with breast cancer (aged 35—65, mean age 55.8±11.08 years). The sample was divided into two groups, 51 women with a diagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) developed as a result of their illness and 40 stress-resistant women. The author’s semi-structured anamnestic interview was used to study the clinical and socio-psychological characteristics of patients. Methods: Trauma Screening Questionnaire (Brewin et al., 2002), Impact of Event Scale (Tarabrina, 2001), Type of Attitude to the Disease measure (Vasserman et al., 2014), G. Ammon’s Ego Structure Test (Tupitsyn et al., 1998), Mental Health Assessment measure (Bocharov, Tupitsyn, 1999), The Personal Views Survey III- R (Leontiev, Rasskazova, 2006), Experiences in Close Relationships (Kazantseva, 2008). Results: In patients with PTSD, low parameters of resilience, the dominance of maladaptive types of attitude to the disease, and deficient and destructive personality structures (aggression, anxiety, deficient external and internal boundaries of the self, and destructive narcissism and sexuality) were revealed.

General Information

Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), breast cancer, psychotherapy, psy- chotherapy targets, stress resistance

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2021290207

For citation: Vasileva A.V., Karavaeva T.A., Mizinova E.B., Lukoshkina E.P. Psychological Features in Breast Cancer Patients, Depending on the Presence of Comorbid Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2021. Vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 145–163. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2021290207. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna V. Vasileva, Doctor of Medicine, Chief Researcher, Department for Non-psychotic Mental Disorders Treatment and Psychotherapy, V.M. Bekhterev National Research Medical Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, Associate Professor, Chair of Psychotherapy, Medical Psychology and Sexology, North-Western State Medical Universitynamed after I.I. Mechnikov, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5116-836X, e-mail: annavdoc@yahoo.com

Tatiana A. Karavaeva, Doctor of Medicine, Chief Researcher, Head of the Department for Non-psychotic Mental Disorders Treatment and Psychotherapy, V.M. Bekhterev National Research Medical Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, Professor of the Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology of the St. Petersburg State University; Professor of the Department of General and Applied Psychology with courses in Biomedical Disciplines and Pedagogy of the St. Petersburg State Medical Pediatric University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation; leading researcher of the Scientific Department of Innovative Methods of Therapeutic Oncology and Rehabilitation of the National Research University of Oncology N.N. Petrova" Ministry of Health of Russia; Vice-President of the Russian Psychotherapeutic Association, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8798-3702, e-mail: tania_kar@mail.ru

Elena B. Mizinova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Department for Nonpsychotic Mental Disorders Treatment and Psychotherapy, Lecturer, Department of Regional Programs for Professional Retraining of Experts with Higher Psychological Education, V.M. Bekhterev National Research Medical Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, Lecturer, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Saint- Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3178-543X, e-mail: elenamizinova@yandex.ru

Ekaterina P. Lukoshkina, PhD in Psychology, Researcher Department for Non-psychotic Mental Disorders Treatment and Psychotherapy, V.M. Bekhterev National Research Medical Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8865-4070, e-mail: lukoshkina.ekaterina@gmail.com

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