Subjective Importance of Work and Time Allocation: Relationship with Subjective Well-Being and Work Engagement Under Different Job Demands

314

Abstract

Background. Investigating imbalance between the subjective importance of different life spheres and the time and energy devoted to them is a common task in counseling and psychotherapy. The aim of the study is to reveal the relationship between the the subjective importance of work and the time / effort devoted to it, with general well-being, work engagement and motivation under different levels of job demands. Procedure and methods. 286 students assessed the importance of five life spheres (work / study, family, personal life, friends, health) and the time and energy given to them, then filled Self-Regulation of Behavior Questionnaire, a modified version of the Action / State Orientation Questionnaire and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. 1,200 people assessed spheres of life using the same approach, then filled Satisfaction With Life Scale, Scale for Positive And Negative Experiences, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, a brief version of the Emotional Burnout Scale, the Workaholism Scale, Professional Motivation Questionnaire, Job Demands and Resources Questionnaire. Results and conclusions. Positive emotions, work engagement and intrinsic motivation are higher both in those reporting greater subjective importance of work, and in those reporting greater contribution of time and effort to this work (β=0,12-0,42, p<0,01). However, the time and energy devoted to work is less strongly associated with positive emotions, work engagement and intrinsic motivation under high and uncoordinated job demands (β=-0,14 — -0,09, p<0,05). Life satisfaction is higher, and negative emotions and emotional burnout at work are lower in those reporting higher importance of work, but this correlation is weaker for those who spend a lot of time and energy on work (β=-0,15 — -0,09, p<0,01). A greater contribution of effort and time to work, but not subjective importance of work, is also associated with workaholism (β=0,29, p<0,01).

General Information

Keywords: Importance of life spheres, time distribution, subjective well-being, work engagement, motivation, job demands

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2021290404

Funding. Research was supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation, project 16-18-10439 “System-dynamic analysis of the activity regulation”.

Received: 08.12.2020

Accepted:

For citation: Rasskazova E.I. Subjective Importance of Work and Time Allocation: Relationship with Subjective Well-Being and Work Engagement Under Different Job Demands. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2021. Vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 49–72. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2021290404. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena I. Rasskazova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Patopsychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Senior Researcher,Mental Health Research Center, Senior Researcher, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9648-5238, e-mail: e.i.rasskazova@gmail.com

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