Development of image thinking among deaf children



The contribution is dedicated to research of image thinking of deaf children - such characteristics of image thinking as logical operations with non-verbal material and creative thinking. The aim of the contribution was to describe the relations between indices of non-verbal intelligence and creative thinking in groups of deaf and non-deaf children. There were 18 deaf and 17 non-deaf children aged from 9 to 11 in the sample group. The children completed the “Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices” and “Williams’ Test of Divergent Thinking”. It is shown that non-verbal thinking operations of deaf children are developed at roughly the same level as those of their non-deaf peers, but the interrelations of indices of intelligence and creative thinking in the deaf group are conceptually different from the non-deaf group.

General Information

Keywords: non-verbal intelligence, creative thinking, intellectual development of deaf pupils

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Bozhenko A.V., Khokhlova A.Y. Development of image thinking among deaf children [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2012. Vol. 1, no. 2 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bogdanova T.G. Surdopsihologiya. M., 2002.
  2. Nudel'man M. M. O nekotoryh osobennostyah formirovaniya mechty u gluhih shkol'nikov // Defektologiya. 1987. №4.
  3. Raven Dj. K., Dj. K. Kurt, Dj. Raven. Rukovodstvo k testu Ravena: cvetnye progressivnye matricy. M., 1996.
  4. Raven, Dj. K.; Kurt, Dj. K.; Raven, Dj. Rukovodstvo k testu Ravena: obschii razdel. M., 1997.
  5. Psihologiya gluhih detei / Pod red. I. M. Solov'eva i dr. M., 1971.
  6. Psihologiya: kompleksnyi podhod / Pod red. M. Aizenka. Mn., 2002.
  7. Tunik E. E. Modificirovannye kreativnye testy Vil'yamsa. SPb., 2003.
  8. Hohlova A. Yu. Biologicheskie, psihologicheskie i social'nye faktory, vliyayuschie na intellektual'noe razvitie detei s narusheniyami sluha v zarubejnoi psihologii gluhih. // Special'naya psihologiya. 2005, № 3-4 (5-6).
  9. Hohlova A. Yu. Ispol'zovanie testa «Progressivnye matricy Ravena» dlya ocenki urovnya intellektual'nogo razvitiya gluhih detei // Defektologiya. 2005. № 6.
  10. Guilford J. P. The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967.
  11. Marshark M. Psychological Development of Deaf Children. New York, Oxford University Press, 1993.

Information About the Authors

Anna V. Bozhenko, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, student, e-mail:

Alina Y. Khokhlova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Psychologist, the Resource Center Supporting Deafblind and their Family Members “Yaseneva Polyana”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 3693
Previous month: 13
Current month: 2


Total: 2915
Previous month: 13
Current month: 3