Victimization and devictimization of students with disabilities in modern educational environment

1578

Abstract

Intensive latter-day transformation of the higher education system and modernization of its content leads to significant changes in vocational and educational conditions. On the one hand, these changes create new opportunities for students, but on the other hand, they can also result in the sense of confusion and cause significant damage to one’s psychological health thus contributing to the strengthening of victimity. The most vulnerable in this respect are the students with disabilities because the specificity of their psychophysical properties creates special socio-psychological conditions for their life and development. The aim of our study was to analyse the psychological aspects of victimization and devictimization of the disabled students. The article reviews the nature and mechanisms of students’ victimization in inclusion settings of universities and reveals the victimization risks within the ‘disabled student - educational environment’ system . The psychological foundations of student devictimization and organizational issues of psychological support of victimized disabled students in the educational settings are described as well.

General Information

Keywords: victimization, devictimization, disablity, victimization risks, victimity

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Fominykh E.S. Victimization and devictimization of students with disabilities in modern educational environment [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2012. Vol. 1, no. 4 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Andrienko E. V. Social'naya psihologiya. Moskva, 2010.
  2. Andronikova O. O. Psihologicheskaya bezopasnost' obrazovatel'noi sredy VUZa. Elektronnaya versiya: http:// info@obrazovanie9.ru
  3. Varchuk T. V. Viktimologiya. Moskva, 2009.
  4. Gaponova S. A. Osobennosti adaptacii studentov vuzov v processe obucheniya // Psihologicheskii jurnal. 1994. № 3.
  5. Donkan I. M. Social'naya eksklyuziya semei, imeyuschih detei-invalidov. Habarovsk, 2010.
  6. Zaicev D. V. Social'naya integraciya detei-invalidov v sovremennoi Rossii. Saratov, 2003.
  7. Loshakova I. I., Yarskaya-Smirnova E. R. Integraciya v usloviyah differenciacii: problemy inklyuzivnogo obucheniya detei-invalidov.Saratov, 2002.
  8. Maleeva T. M., Vasin, S.A. Invalidy v Rossii - uzel staryh i novyh problem // «Pro et Contra». 2001. № 3.
  9. Meng T. V. Pedagogicheskie usloviya postroeniya obrazovatel'noi sredy VUZa. SPb, 1999.
  10. Slobodchikov V. N. Obrazovatel'naya sreda: realizaciya celei obrazovaniya v prostranstve kul'tury // Novye cennosti obrazovaniya: kul'turnye modeli shkol. 1997. Vyp.7.
  11. Stepanova M. A. Prakticheskaya psihologiya obrazovaniya: protivorechiya, paradoksy, perspektivy // Voprosy psihologii. 2004. № 4.
  12. Rivman D. V. Kriminal'naya viktimologiya. SPb, 2002.
  13. Rubcov V. V., Selyavina A. K., Malyh S. B. Sistema psihologicheskoi podderjki obrazovaniya // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 1999. № 2.
  14. Rudenskii E. V. Defekt socializacii lichnosti kak bazovaya kategoriya viktimologii obrazovaniya. Novosibirsk, 2004.
  15. Fel'dshtein D. I. Prioritetnye napravleniya razvitiya psihologo-pedagogicheskih issledovanii // Byulleten' Vysshei attestacionnoi komissii Ministerstva obrazovaniya Rossiiskoi Federacii. 2005. № 6.
  16. Fominyh E. S. Kommunikativnye ustanovki studentov-invalidov kak usloviya viktimnosti // Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. 2011. № 9.
  17. Fominy  E. S. Narusheniya lichnostnyh granic studenta-invalida v kontekste ego viktimnoi deformacii // Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. 2012. № 1.
  18. Shapova I. A. Special'naya psihologiya. Moskva, 2005.
  19. Yarskaya-Smirnova E. R., Romanov P. V., Zaicev D. V., Naberushkin E. K. Politika v sfere vysshego obrazovaniya invalidov // Jurnal issledovanii social'noi politiki. 2004. № 1.

Information About the Authors

Ekaterina S. Fominykh, PhD in Psychology, Assistant professor, Department of special psychology, Orenburg State Pedagogical University, Orenburg, Russia, e-mail: fominyh.yekaterina@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 6325
Previous month: 26
Current month: 14

Downloads

Total: 1578
Previous month: 3
Current month: 1