Affective Expansion as a Regulator of the Borders of I: from the Adaptation to the Non-Adaptive Activity



The possibilities and effectiveness of affective contact of a person with the world are connected with his/her psychological borders. Such as: the subjective symbol of the transition; the scope of potential normative and dysfunctional meanings and possibilities; and the field of non-adaptive activity. The regulatory and adaptive role of the affective system in unstable situations is realized in affective expansion, which determines a person’s contact with the boundaries of one's own Defined Self as "Challenge ↔ Challenge " and his/her desire to risk in their reconstruction. The set of functions of affective expansion makes it a universal regulator of the whole spectrum of personal adaptations with respect to stereotypes and innovations. The formation of the "border experience" and of the dispositions of an individual, reflecting the relationship between its needs and the conditions of their satisfaction at the interface Self and not-Self, is analyzed in the context of normal and disharmonious personogenesis. The following mechanisms of interaction of affective expansion of a person with his/her borders are described: attraction, protection, inhibition, mechanisms of "swing" and turning "-" into "+". Dispositional and situational dominants of these mechanisms in their system interaction are designated as a future investigation of their connection with the nature of affective expansion.

General Information

Keywords: psychological borders, border motif, non-adaptive activity, affective expansion, expansiveness, mechanisms of expansion, dysfunction of the expansion, non-adaptive styles

Journal rubric: Theoretical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Shapoval I.A. Affective Expansion as a Regulator of the Borders of I: from the Adaptation to the Non-Adaptive Activity [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2017. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–17. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2017060101. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bauman Z. Individualizirovannoe obshchestvo [Individualized society]. Moscow: Logos, 2005. 390 p.
  2. Bern E. Seks v chelovecheskoi lyubvi [Sex in human love]. Moscow: AST-LTD, publ. of Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 1998. 352 p.
  3. Ishkova M.A. Fenomen granitsy v determinatsii aktivnosti rebenka. Diss. kand. psikhol. nauk [The phenomenon of border in the determination of the child's activity. PhD. (Psychology) diss.]. Moscow, 1998. 140 p.
  4. Kulikova T. V. Filosofiya granitsy: fenomenologicheskii i epistemologiche-skii podkhody: diss. ... doktora filosofskikh nauk [The philosophy of boundaries: a phenomenological and epistemological approaches. Dr. Sci. (Philosophy) diss.]. Nizhnii Novgorod, 2011. 334 p.
  5. Lebedinskii V.V., Bardyshevskaya M.K. Affektivnoe razvitie rebenka v norme i patologii [Affective development of the child in norm and pathology]. In V.V. Lebedinskii (ed.) Psikhologiya anomal'nogo razvitiya rebenka: khrestomatiya: v 2 t. T. 1. [Psychology of abnormal child development: a reader: in 2 vol. Vol. 2]. Moscow: CheRo; publ. of MGU, 2002. pp. 588–681.
  6. Levi V.V. Iskusstvo byt' soboi [The art of being yourself]. Moscow: Znanie, 1991.
    256 p.
  7. Maksimova N.Yu., Milyutina E.L. Kurs lektsii po detskoi patopsikhologii
    [A course of lectures on child psychopathology]. Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks, 2000. 576 p.
  8. Mamardashvili M. K. Moi opyt netipichen [My experience is atypical]. Saint-Petersburg: Azbuka, 2000. 400 p.
  9. Nartova-Bochaver S.K., Silina O.V. Dinamika razvitiya psikhologicheskikh granits na protyazhenii detstva [The dynamics of the development of psychological boundaries during childhood]. Aktual'nye problemy psikhologicheskogo znaniya [Actual problems of psychological knowledge]. 2014. Vol. 32. no. 3. pp. 13–28.
  10. Petrovskii V.A. «Motiv granitsy»: znakovaya priroda vlecheniya ["The motive of the border": the symbolic nature of the attraction]. Mir psikhologii [The world of psychology]. 2008. no. 3. pp. 10–26.
  11. Petrovskii V.A. Chelovek nad situatsiei [The person on the situation]. Moscow: Smysl, 2010. 559 p.
  12. Plesner Kh.M. Stupeni organicheskogo i chelovek. Vedenie v filosofskuyu antropologiyu [Stage the organic and man. Keeping in philosophical anthropology]. Moscow: Rossiiskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya. 2004. 368 p.
  13. Pol'ster I. Integrirovannaya geshtal't-terapiya [Integrated gestalt therapy]. Moscow: Klass, 2004. 272 p.
  14. Riman F. Osnovnye formy strakha [Basic forms of fear]. Moscow: Aleteia, 1999.
    336 p.
  15. Simonov P. V. Emotsional'nyi mozg [The emotional brain]. Moscow: Nauka, 1981. 215 p.
  16. Shapoval I.A. Deformatsii lichnosti kak effekt vzaimodeistviya sub"ek-tivnykh i sotsial'nykh mirov [Elektronnyi resurs] [Deformation of the individual as an effect of the interaction of the subjective and social worlds]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial'naya psikhologiya  [Clinical Psychology and Special Education]. 2014, Vol. 3. no. 4. Available at: (Accessed 06.12.2016) (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  17. Shapoval I.A. Funktsii i disfunktsii granits Ya: effekty samoorganizatsii i samodezorganizatsii sistemy [Elektronnyi resurs] [Function and Dysfunction of Borders I: the Effects of Self-Organization and Self-Disorganization System]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial'naya psikhologiya  [Clinical Psychology and Special Education]. 2016. Vol. 5. no. 1, pp. 19–32. doi:10.17759/cpse.2016050102. (Accessed 06.12.2016) (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  18. Ammon G. Handbuch der Dynamischen Psychiatric. München: Er. Reinhardt Verlag, 1982. Bd. 2. 967 p.
  19. Joines V. The Treament of Personality Adaptations: Using Redecision Therapy.
    In J. Magnavita (Ed.) Handbook of Personality Disorder Theory and Practice: Yoboken, Wiley, 2004, pp. 194–220 p.
  20. Joung J.E., Klosko J.S., Weishaar M.E. Schema Therapy: A Practitioner's Guide.
    NY: Guilford Press, 2003. 436 p.
  21. Plutchik R., Kellerman H. A general psychoevolutionary theory of emotions.
    In R. Plutchik, H. Kellerman (Eds.) Emotion: Theory, research and experience: Vol. 1, no. 7. NY: Academic Press, 1980, pp. 3–33.

Information About the Authors

Irina A. Shapoval, Doctor of Education, Professor, Professor of the Department of Correctional Psychology and Pedagogy of Voronezh State Pedagogical University, Voronezh State Pedagogical University, Voronezh, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 2141
Previous month: 29
Current month: 8


Total: 1601
Previous month: 11
Current month: 8