Research on the Relationship between Formation of Psychological Boundaries and Assertiveness in Primary School Children

1623

Abstract

The article presents results of a study on the relationship between the level of formation of psychological boundaries and the development of assertiveness in primary school children. The authors review the main Russian and foreign theoretical concepts of assertive behavior and identify the key aspects of the phenomenon of psychological boundaries in modern psychology. The study involved 165 schoolchildren of 3rd and 4th classes. The following research techniques were applied: N.Brown’s Personal Boundaries technique, V.Sheinov’s Test of Assertiveness, and the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument. The study revealed the correlation between psychological boundaries and patterns of behavior in a conflict situation as well as with assertiveness skills in schoolchildren. The results of the study suggest that the development of assertiveness will have a positive impact on the development of autonomy and the formation of healthy psychological boundaries in primary school children, increase their self-confidence and contribute to the development of the ability to cope with difficult life situations, including conflicts.

General Information

Keywords: psychological boundaries, conflict behavior, assertiveness, assertive behavior, social fears, primary school children.

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2019240103

For citation: Bogolyubskaya L.A., Khukhlaeva O.V. Research on the Relationship between Formation of Psychological Boundaries and Assertiveness in Primary School Children. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2019. Vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 42–49. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2019240103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Bichenkova O.E., Bogatyreva O.A., Plyusnin Y.M.Prostranstvennoe povedenie i sotsial'nyi status rebenka v gruppe [Spatial behavior and social status of the child in the group].Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 1993, no. 2, pp.106—116.(In Russ.).
  2. Bogolyubskaya L.A.Osobennosti psikhologicheskikh granits mladshikh shkol'nikov s sotsial'nymi strakhami v polikul'turnom klasse [Elektronnoe izdanie] [Features of psychological boundaries of primary schoolchildren with social fears in a multicultural class].In Aleksandrov E.A.(ed.), Etnokul'turnoe obrazovanie v sovremennom mire: Sb. nauch. Statei po materialam Vserossiiskoi nauchno-metodicheskoi konferentsii «Etnokul'turnoe obrazovanie v sovremennom mire» a [Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference «Ethnoсultural Education in the Modern World»].Moscow: Pero Publ., 2017, pp.56—61.(In Russ.).
  3. Malkina-Pykh I.G.Psikhosomatika.Spravochnik prakticheskogo psikhologa [Psychosomatics.A Handbook of a practical psychologist].Moscow: EKSMO Publ., 2005.960 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Martsinkovskaya T.D.Psikhologicheskie granitsy: istoriya i sovremennoe sostoyanie [Psychological boundaries: history and current state].Mir psikhologii [World of psychology], 2008, no.3, pp.55—61.(In Russ.).
  5. Nartova-Bochaver S.K.Psikhologicheskoe prostranstvo lichnosti: Monografiya [Psychological space of the person].Moscow: Prometei Publ., 2005.312 p.(In Russ.).
  6. Pivnenko T.V.Psikhologicheskie granitsy Ya v igre detei, ne prinimaemykh sverstnikami: Diss.kand.psikhol.nauk [Psychological boundaries of I in the game of children that are not accepted by their peers.Ph.D.(Psychology) Diss.].Moscow, 2008.166 p.(In Russ.).
  7. Popova I.V.Assertivnost' podrostkov s normal'nym i zaderzhannym razvitiem i pedagogov v razlichnykh obrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniyakh [Assertiveness of adolescents with normal and delayed development and teachers in various educational institutions].Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural Historical Psychology], 2010, no.2, pp.55—60.(In Russ.abstr.in Engl.).
  8. Pochebut L.G., Beznosov D.S.Assertivnost' i tolerantnost' v mezhkul'turnom vzaimodeistvii [Assertiveness and tolerance in intercultural interaction].Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2017.Vol.8, no.3, pp.8—19.(In Russ.abstr.in Engl.).
  9. Raigorodskii D.Ya.Prakticheskaya psikhodiagnostika.Metodiki i testy [Practical psychodiagnostics].Moscow: Bakhrakh-M Publ., 2011.672 p.
  10. Silina O.V.Struktura granits Ya u detei 2—10 let [The structure of the boundaries of Me of children 2—10 years of age].Sotsial'naya psikhologiya I obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2016, Vol.7, no.4, pp. 83—98.(In Russ.abstr.in Engl.).
  11. Smith M.J.Trening uverennosti v sebe: Kompleks uprazhnenii dlya razvitiya uverennosti [Self-confidence training].Moscow: Rech' Publ., 2002.254 p.(In Russ.).
  12. Filippova E.V., Pivnenko T.V.Issledovanie igry detei doshkol'nogo vozrasta s problemami v obshchenii [Research of game of preschool children with problems in communication].Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [ Psychological Science and Education], 2010, no. 3, pp.80—88.(In Russ.abstr.in Engl.).
  13. Khokhlova E.V.Konstruktivnaya agressivnost' v formirovanii navykov assertivnogo povedeniya studentov vuza: Diss.kand.psikhol.nauk [Constructive aggressiveness in the formation of skills of assertive behavior of university students.Ph.D.(Psychology) Diss.].Nizhniy Novgorod, 2008.220 p.
  14. Khukhlaeva O.V.Korrektsiya sotsial'nykh strakhov u mladshikh shkol'nikov [Correction of social fears of primary schoolchildren].Aktual'nye problem psikhologicheskogo znaniya [Actual problems of psychological knowledge], 2016, no. 2 (39), pp.124— 129.(In Russ.).
  15. Shamshikova E.O.Nartsissicheskie korrelyaty psikhologicheskogo prostranstva lichnosti: Diss.kand.psikhol.nauk [Narcissistic correlates of psychological space of personality.Ph.D.(Psychology) Diss.], Novosibirsk, 2010.252 p.(In Russ.).
  16. Sheinov V.P.Vzaimosvyazi assertivnosti s psikhologicheskimi I sotsial'no-psikhologicheskimi kharakteristikami lichnosti [Relationship between assertiveness with psychological and socio-psychological characteristics of the personality].Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: Psikhologiya i pedagogika [Vestnik RUDN. Series: Psychology and Pedagogy], 2018.Vol.15, no.2, pp.147—161.
  17. Sheinov V.P.Razrabotka testa assertivnosti, udovletvoryayushchego trebovaniyam nadezhnosti i validnosti [Development test assertiveness that meets the requirements of reliability and validity].Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 2014, no.2, pp. 107—116.
  18. Sheinov V.P.Assertivnoe povedenie: preimushchestva i vospriyatie [Assertive behavior: advantages and perception].Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya [Modern Foreign Psychology], 2014, no.2, pp.107—120.(In Russ.abstr.in Engl.).2010

Information About the Authors

Ludmila A. Bogolyubskaya, Psychologist, School of Law & Economics, PhD Student, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: bogolubskaya@bk.ru

Olga V. Khukhlaeva, Doctor of Education, associate professor, professor of the Chair of Ethnopsychology and Psychological Problems in Multicultural Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8782-7742, e-mail: ovc54@yandex.ru