The Influence of the Social Situation of Development on the Social Cognition in the Children-Orphans



The influence of a specific social development situation on the operational and motivational components of social cognition in orphan adolescents investigated. The theoretical basis of the study was the provisions of the "social situation of development" L.S. Vygotsky, theories of attachment by J. Bowlby, the multifactor model of social cognition A.B. Kholmogorova, O.V. Rychkova. 68 orphans aged from 10 to 17 years old living in the orphanage examined. It shown that orphaned teenagers with an insecure type of attachment have more difficulty in understanding their own feelings, regardless of the length of their stay in the institution. Orphans living in institutions for more than 5 years have a higher level of social anxiety and distress during social interaction.

General Information

Keywords: orphans, attachment, the social situation of development, social cognition

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The study carried out with the financial support of the Russian Scientific Fund (grant No. 14-18-03461) in the Serbsky State Scientific Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry.

For citation: Avakyan T.V., Volikova S.V., Sorokova M.G. The Influence of the Social Situation of Development on the Social Cognition in the Children-Orphans [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 19–32. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2019080102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Tamara V. Avakyan, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Chair of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Svetlana V. Volikova, PhD in Psychology, psychologist, Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Assistant Professor at the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Marina G. Sorokova, Doctor of Education, PhD in Physics and Matematics, docent, Head of Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research "PsyDATA", Head of the Department of Digital Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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