Specificity of the Cognitive Status of Students with Hearing Impairment: Implications for Inclusive Education

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Abstract

Specificity of intelligence, attention and memory were studied in students with hearing impairment (26 individuals). This group shown less indicators of verbal intelligence and speed of selection of visually presented information as compared to the normal hearing group (28 individuals). Higher index of figurative and spatial intelligence, comparing to the verbal component of intelligence in the group with hearing impairments indicate the development of compensatory effect in visual functions. The smaller effect of proactive interference with a greater time of executive control in students with hearing impairments compared with the control group indicates a lack of development of the inhibitory functions of the prefrontal cortex.

General Information

Keywords: hearing impairment, intelligence, attention systems, visual memory, inclusive education

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2019080203

Funding. This work was supported in part by grant RFBR № 17-06-00166.

For citation: Krivonogova K.D., Razumnikova O.M. Specificity of the Cognitive Status of Students with Hearing Impairment: Implications for Inclusive Education [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 38–52. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2019080203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Kseniya D. Krivonogova, PhD Student of Department of Psychology and Pedagogic, Novosibirsk State Technical University, Educational Psychologist, Institute of Social Technologies and Rehabilitation, Novosibirsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4773-0396, e-mail: kseniansk123@gmail.com

Olga M. Razumnikova, Doctor of Biology, Professor of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogic, Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7831-9404, e-mail: razoum@mail.ru

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