Features of visual identification of 3–7 years old children with ASD



The article is presented results of the study aimed to the analysis of peculiarities of visual object recognition in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: In the current study 20 children with ASD, 10 children with Down syndrome and 20 typically developing children were assessed with a Visual cognitive tests battery, Psycho-educational profile (PEP3), and Childhood autism rating scale (CARS). Results: Our results reveal that children with autism were likely to have specificity in object recognition profile: big geometrical forms recognition difficulties, specific object recognition style relying on elementary features of objects, like a shape form, superior ability of identification of abstract high detailed pictures, difficulties in cross-modal perception, lack of object representation enrichment, using sensory information from different modalities.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; object recognition; dorsal and ventral visual streams

Journal rubric: Psychology of Perception

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Pereverzeva D.S. Features of visual identification of 3–7 years old children with ASD . Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2011. Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 59–73. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bashina V. M. Autizm v detstve. M.: Medicina, 1999.
  2. Zaporozhec A. V. Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy. M.: Pedagogika, 1986.

  3. Najsser U. Poznanie i real'nost'. M.: Progress, 1981.

  4. Nikol'skaja O. S., Baenskaja E. R., Libling M. M. Autichnyj rebenok. Puti pomowi. M.: Terevinf, 2005.

  5. Prokof'ev A. O. Zritel'noe vosprijatie celostnogo obraza ob'ekta u detej doshkol'nogo vozrasta s tipichnym i atipichnym razvitiem: Diss… kand. psihol. nauk. M.: Psihologicheskij institut RAO, 2009.

  6. Sergienko E. A. Rannee kognitivnoe razvitie. M.: Institut psihologii RAN, 2006. Tonkonogij I., Puante A. Klinicheskaja nejropsihologija. SPb.: Piter, 2007.

  7. Farber D. A., Beteleva T. G. Formirovanie sistemy zritel'nogo vosprijatija v ontogeneze // Fiziologija cheloveka. 2005. T. 31. № 5. S. 26–36.

  8. Barnea-Goraly N., Kwon H., Menon V., Eliez S., Lotspeich L., Reiss A. L. White matter structure in autism: preliminary evidence from diffusion tensor imaging // Biol. Psychiatry. 2004. V. 55. № 3. P. 323–326.
  9. Bertone A., Mottron L., Jelenic P., Faubert J. Enhanced and diminished visuospatial information processing in autism depends on stimulus complexity // Brain. 2005. № 128. P. 2430–2441.
  10. Carper R. A., Moses P., Tigue Z.D., Courchesne E. Cerebral lobes in autism: early hyperplasia and abnormal age effects // Neuroimage. 2002. № 16. P. 1038–1051.
  11. Courchesne E., Karns C., Davis H. R. et al. Unusual brain growth patterns in early life in patients with autistic disorder: an MRI study // Neurology. 2001. № 57. P. 245–254.
  12. Diamond A., Goldman-Rakic P. Comparison of human infants and rhesus monkeys on Piaget’s AB task: Evidence for dependence on dorsolateral prefrontal cortex // Experimental Brain Research. 1989. № 74. P. 24–40.
  13. Doniger G. M., Foxe J. J., Murray M. M., Higgins B. A., Javitt D. C. Impaired visual object recognition and dorsal/ventral stream interaction in schizophrenia // Archives of General Psychiatry. 2002. № 59. P. 1011– 1020.
  14. Happe F. G. E., Frith U. The weak coherence account: Detail-focused cognitive style in autism spectrum disorders // Journal Autism Dev. Disord. 2006. № 36. P. 5–25.
  15. Harris I. M., Benito C. T., Ruzzoli M., Miniussi C. Effects of right parietal transcranial magnetic stimulation on object identification and orientation judgments // Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 2008. № 20. P. 916 – 926.
  16. Howard I. P. Seeing in depth. Toronto: Porteus, 2002.
  17. Jolliffe T., Baron-Cohen S. Are people with autism and Asperger syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test? // Journal Child Psychology. Psychiatry. 1997. № 38. P. 527–534.
  18. Marshall J. C. Halligan P. W. Visuo-spatial neglect: a new copying test to assess perceptual parsing // J. Neurol. 1993. № 240. P. 37–40.
  19. Milner A. D., Goodale M. A. Visual brain in action. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  20. Morgan B., Maybery M., Durkin K. Weak central coherence, poor joint attention, and low verbal ability: independent deficits in early autism // Journ. Dev. Psychol. 2003. V. 39. № 4. P. 646–656.
  21. Mottron L., Dawson M., Soulieres I., Hubert В., Burack J. Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: an update, and eight principles of autistic perception // Autism Dev. Disord. 2006. V. 36. № 1. P. 27–43.
  22. Mottron L., Belleville S. A study of perceptual analysis in a high-level autistic subject with exceptionnal graphic abilities // Brain and Cognition. 1993. №. 23. P. 279–309.
  23. Ozonoff S., Macari S., Young G. S., Goldring S., Thompson M., Rogers S. J. Atypical object exploration at 12 months of age is associated with autism in a prospective sample // Autism. 2008. V. 12. № 5. P. 457–472.
  24. Ozonoff S., Cook I., Coon H., Dawson G., Joseph R. M., Klin A., McMahon W. M., Minshew N., Munson J. A., Pennington B. F., Rogers S. J., Spence M. A.,Tager-Flusberg H., Volkmar F. R., Wrathall D. Performance on Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery subtests sensitive to frontal lobe function in people with autistic disorder: evidence from the Collaborative Programs of Excellence in Autism network //Autism Dev. Disord. 2004. V. 34. № 2. P. 139–150.
  25. Ring H. A., Baron-Cohen S., Wheelwright S., Williams S. C., Brammer M., Andrew C., Bullmore E. T. Cerebral correlates of preserved cognitive skills in autism A functional MRI study of Embedded Figures Task performancez // Brain. 1999. V. 122. № 7. P. 1305–1315.
  26. Robinson S., Goddard L., Dritschel B., Wisley M., Howlin P. Executive functions in children with autism spectrum disorders // Brain Cogn. 2009. V. 71. № 3. P. 362–368.
  27. Rondan C., Deruelle C. Global and configural visual processing in adults with autism and Asperger syndrome // Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2007. V. 28. P. 197–206.
  28. Rose S. T. Shape recognition in infancy: Visual integration of sequential information //Child Dev. 1988. V. 59. № 5. P. 1161–1176.
  29. Ruff H. Infant recognition of invariant form objects // Child Dev. 1978. № 49 P. 293–306.
  30. Schopler E., Lansing M. D., Reichler R. J., Marcus L. M. Psychoeducational Profile: Third Edition (PEP-3), Austin, Texas: Pro-ed, 2004.
  31. Schopler E., Reichler R., Remler B. R. The childhood autism rating scale (CARS) for diagnostic screening and classification of autism. NY: Irvington Publishers, 1986.
  32. Shah A., Frith U. An islet of ability in autistic children: A research note // Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 1983. № 24. P. 613–620.
  33. Steele S. D., Minshew N. J., Luna B., Sweeney J. A. Spatial working memory deficits in autism // Autism Dev. Disord. 2007. V. 37. № 4. P. 605–612.
  34. Treisman A. M., Gelade G. A feature-integration theory of attention // Cognit. Psychol. 1980. V. 12. № 1. P. 197–136.
  35. Vandenbroucke M. W., Scholte H. S., van Engeland H., Lamme V. A. F., Kemner C. A neural substrate for atypical low-level visual processing in autism spectrum disorder // Brain. 2008. V. 122. № 7. P. 1013–1024.
  36. Zhang Q., Shi J., Fan Y., Lin T., Sang H., Shen M. An event-related brain potential study of children's conservation // Neuroscience Letters. 2008. V. 431. № 1. P. 17–20.
  37. Zwaigenbaum L., Bryson S., Rogers T., Roberts W., Brian J., Szatmari P. Behavioral manifestations of autism in the first year of life // J. Devl Neuroscience. 2005. № 23. P. 143–152.

Information About the Authors

Darya S. Pereverzeva, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher of the Federal Resource Center for Organization of Comprehensive Support to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6881-3337, e-mail: dasha.pereverzeva@gmail.com



Total: 4085
Previous month: 14
Current month: 4


Total: 1677
Previous month: 2
Current month: 1