Mnemonic capacity of primary school children with impaired mental function

1883

Abstract

The study of mnemonic abilities of 7–12 years old mentally retarded children revealed that the structure of these abilities is characterized with underdevelopment, specificially, with almost total lack of operational mechanisms. The work of memory is based to major extent on functional mechanisms.The 7–12 year olds with mental retardation demonstrated only very early stages of formation of operational mechanisms of mnemonic abilities. The analysis of the results revealed the effect of subjects’ inability to copy simple nonverbal material after its correct reproduction. Possible causes of this effect are discussed.

General Information

Keywords: mnemonic abilities, impaired mental function, mnemonic methods, operational and regulating mechanisms of memorization

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Cheremoshkina L.V., Murafa S.V. Mnemonic capacity of primary school children with impaired mental function. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2012. Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 96–106. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

A Part of Article

 

Full text

 

References

  1. Dubrovina I. V., Andreeva A. D., Danilova E. E., Kravcova E. M., Moskvitina O. A., Prihozhan A. M., Tolstyh N. N. Mladshij shkol'nik: razvitie poznavatel'nyh sposobnostej: Posobie dlja uchitelja / Pod redakciej I. V. Dubrovinoj. M.: Prosvewenie, 2003.
  2. Zinchenko V. P., Mewerjakov B. G. Psihologicheskij slovar'. M.: Astrel', 2004.
  3. Lebedinskaja K. S. Klinicheskie varianty zaderzhki psihicheskogo razvitija // Zhurnal nevropatologii i psihiatrii im. S. S. Korsakova. 1980. № 3. C. 407–412.
  4. Lebedinskaja K. S., Lebedinskij V. V. Narushenija psihicheskogo razvitija v detskom i podrostkovom vozraste. M.: Akademicheskij Proekt, 2011.
  5. Lubovskij V. I. Special'naja psihologija. M.: Akademija, 2007.
  6. Mamajchuk I. I., Il'ina M. N. Pomow' psihologa rebenku s zaderzhkoj psihicheskogo razvitija. SPb.: Rech', 2004.
  7. Manelis N. G. Nejropsihologicheskie zakonomernosti normal'nogo razvitija // Hrestomatija po nejropsihologii / Pod red. E. D. Homskoj. M.: Institut obwegumanitarnyh issledovanij, 2004.
  8. Markovskaja I. F. Zaderzhka psihicheskogo razvitija: Klinicheskaja i nejropsihologicheskaja diagnostika. M.: Kompens-Centr, 1993.
  9. Mikadze Ju. V., Korsakova N. K. Nejropsihologicheskaja diagnostika i korrekcija mladshih shkol'nikov v svjazi s neuspevaemost'ju v shkole. M.: Znanie, 1994.
  10. Murafa S. V. Mnemicheskie sposobnosti detej 7–11 let s ZPR // Materialy nauchnoj konferencii, posvjawennoj pamjati Ja. A. Ponomareva i V. N. Druzhinina «Psihologicheskie issledovanija intellekta i tvorchestva». M.: Institut psihologii RAN, 2010. S. 182–184.
  11. Murafa S. V. Produktivnost' mnemicheskih sposobnostej detej 7–12 let s zaderzhkoj psihicheskogo razvitija // Sibirskij psihologicheskij zhurnal № 41. Tomsk: «TomUniverIzdat», 2011 a. S. 42–50.
  12. Murafa S. V. Jeffektivnost' mnemicheskih sposobnostej shkol'nikov 7–12 let s ZPR // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal jeksperimental'nogo obrazovanija № 10. Penza: ID «Akademija Estestvoznanija», 2011 b. S. 99–103.
  13. Programmy special'nyh (korrekcionnyh) obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij VII vida i klassov korrekcionnorazvivajuwego obuchenija. M.: Prosvewenie, 1996.
  14. Cheremoshkina L. V. Psihologija pamjati. M.: Aspekt Press, 2009.
  15. Cheremoshkina L. V., Murafa S. V. Jeffekt nesposobnosti srisovat' ranee zapomnennyj material det'mi s ZPR // Zhurnal «Pedagogical and Psychological Issues in Education-2010» Lithuania: Scientific Methodical Centre «Scientia Educologica». 2010. T. 25. S. 162–173.
  16. Shadrikov V. D., Cheremoshkina L. V. Mnemicheskie sposobnosti: razvitie i diagnostika. M.: Pedagogika, 1990.
  17. Moats L. C., Lion G. R. Learning disabilities in the United States: Advocacy, science and the future of the field // Journal of Learning Disabilities. 1993. № 26. P. 282–294.
  18. Roberts E. R. Prevalence of psychopathology among children and adolescent // Amer. J. of Psychiatry. 1998. V. 155. P. 715–725.

Information About the Authors

Lyubov V. Cheremoshkina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, chair of applied informatics, faculty of information technology, the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: LVCH2007@yandex.ru

Svetlana V. Murafa, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4819-660X, e-mail: murafa.svetlana@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 4862
Previous month: 16
Current month: 11

Downloads

Total: 1883
Previous month: 9
Current month: 4