Strategies for Solving Analytical and Holistic Problems

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Abstract

Studies of the contribution of institutional identity to the formation of psychological structures suggest that such identity imposes restrictions on the formation of new experience. The aim of this work was to describe strategies for solving analytical and holistic problems that are characteristic for individuals with analytical and holistic types of mentality. Participants (N = 105) were solving analytical (a) and holistic (h) word problems (a-problems: “Knights and Knaves” and “Grid-logic”; h-problems: “Anagrams” and “Moral dilemmas”). The results have shown that “normativity” was the principle characteristic of the problem-solving strategy accounting for the observed differences between individuals with analytical and holistic types of mentality.

General Information

Keywords: institutionality, type of mentality, word problem, problem-solving strategy, normativity

Journal rubric: Cognitive Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130404

Funding. Theoretical and methodological bases of the study were developed with financial support from RFBR, research project No. 18-313-20003 mol_a_ved; data collection and analysis were performed as part of the state assignment FANO No. 0159-2019-0001 “Regularities of systemogenesis and actualization of the previously formed memory in individual and collective behaviour”.

For citation: Apanovich V.V., Tishchenko A.G., Arutyunova K.R., Alexandrov Y.I. Strategies for Solving Analytical and Holistic Problems. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2020. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 52–71. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2020130404.

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Information About the Authors

Vladimir V. Apanovich, PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher, V.B. Shvyrkov Laboratory of Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Researcher, Center for Cognitive Research of Individual Experience, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3407-6049, e-mail: apanovitschvv@yandex.ru

Anton G. Tishchenko, Postgraduate Student, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6289-8202, e-mail: antongtishenko@gmail.com

Karina R. Arutyunova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Researcher, V.B. Shvyrkov Laboratory of Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3056-5670, e-mail: arutyunova@inbox.ru

Yuri I. Alexandrov, Doctor of Psychology, Head the Laboratory of the Institute of Psychology RAS and Head. the Department of Psychophysiology State University of Humanitarian Sciences, Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Science, head Laboratory of Neurocognitive Research of Individual Experience, Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University (FSBEI HE MGPPU), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education. Member of the editorial board of the scientific journal "Experimental Psychology", Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2644-3016, e-mail: yuraalexandrov@yandex.ru

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