Development and Approbation of a Psychophysical Method for the Study of Skill Acquisition and Improvement

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Abstract

A method has been developed and tested to study the processes of acquisition/improvement of a skill. The method is based on the Signal Detection Theory and the “Yes-No” task and involves the evaluation of short time intervals. The theoretical justification of the use of this technique for studying the acquisition/improvement of a skill was given from the standpoint of the system-evolutionary approach. The main factors that can act as side variables during the use of this technique were taken into account and leveled, especially the so-called «sensory» adaptation and existing experience. Two experimental series was conducted, each of which was aimed at checking the factors that distorted the results. In the first series, the focus was on the «sensitization” factor. The phenomenon of sensitization for the task of distinguishing short time intervals and the method of accounting for this factor was described. In the second series, the discriminativity of the method was investigated, and the parameters of the complexity of the task were selected for further empirical research of skill acquisition/improvement.

General Information

Keywords: system-evolutionary approach, skill acquisition, skill improvement, method approbation, psychophysics, psychometrics

Journal rubric: Tools

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150315

Funding. The research is supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant # 22-18-00435 (Institute of Psychology RAS).

Received: 16.01.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Apanovich V.V., Aramyan E.A., Gladilin D.L., Yudakov K.S., Karpov S.A., Gorkin A.G., Alexandrov Y.I. Development and Approbation of a Psychophysical Method for the Study of Skill Acquisition and Improvement. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 222–238. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150315. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Vladimir V. Apanovich, PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher, V.B. Shvyrkov Laboratory of Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Researcher, Center for Cognitive Research of Individual Experience, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3407-6049, e-mail: apanovitschvv@yandex.ru

Eric A. Aramyan, Postgraduate, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3562-8378, e-mail: aramyan.eric@gmail.com

Dmitry L. Gladilin, Laboratory Assistant Researcher, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Postgraduate, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5352-4866, e-mail: dima.gladilin.psy@gmail.com

Konstantin S. Yudakov, Master, State Academic University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5132-4054, e-mail: kost05062000@mail.ru

Sergey A. Karpov, Chief Technology Officer, Cifrovizaciya transporta, Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2227-980X, e-mail: karpov.s2@gmail.com

Alexander G. Gorkin, Doctor of Biology, Leading Researcher, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5493-945X, e-mail: agorkin@yandex.ru

Yuri I. Alexandrov, Doctor of Psychology, Head the Laboratory of the Institute of Psychology RAS and Head. the Department of Psychophysiology State University of Humanitarian Sciences, Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Science, Head of Laboratory of Neurocognitive Research of Individual Experience, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2644-3016, e-mail: yuraalexandrov@yandex.ru