Relationship between the “Self” System and Students’ Regulatory Qualities during Educational Activity



The article is devoted to the study of the “Self” system’s role in the mental state’s self-regulation. The research is based on the concept of states mental regulation and the system-functional approach to the human psychic. According to the empirical research the specifics of the relationship between the “Self” system components and the factors combining various students’ regulatory qualities (self-regulation methods, copings, regulatory abilities, social self-control) are shown. The closest connections between regulatory qualities and the "Self" system components form, on the one hand, an integral indicator of the cognitive aspect of self—regulation, on the other - the self-esteem of personal qualities, self-confidence, as well as the cognitive component of the self-attitude. The features of the interrelation of the “Self” system components and the effectiveness of mental states self-regulation in various forms of educational activity (lecture, seminar, exam) are revealed. Decreasing the level of self-regulation effectiveness with increasing intensity of the educational situation is established. Consequently, the importance of the “Self” system in the regulation of mental states is shown. Which is revealed through the organization of relationships with regulatory qualities, the effectiveness of self-regulation, the choice of regulating ways in various life situations. The results of the study can be useful for psychologists developing techniques for mental states regulation supporting in various conditions of life.

General Information

Keywords: educational activity, learning situations, mental states, self-regulation, "Self" system

Journal rubric: Psychology of States

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation, project number23 18 00232.

Received: 02.06.2023


For citation: Prokhorov A.O., Kartasheva M.I., Yusupov M.G. Relationship between the “Self” System and Students’ Regulatory Qualities during Educational Activity. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 139–150. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2023160309. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Alexander O. Prokhorov, Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of General Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Madina I. Kartasheva, Assistant, Department of General Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Mark G. Yusupov, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of General Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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